JOHANNESBURG – The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) on Tuesday said it will conduct a joint pilot study on tuberculosis and HIV with its partners in KwaZulu-Natal between August 26 and September 20.
HSRC spokesman Adziliwi Nematandani said the purpose of the pilot study was to determine the possibility of conducting a larger joint study on tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (TB / HIV).
Nematandani said the project would determine the study of combined HIV and tuberculosis testing, evaluate the quality of data from the interviews and biomarkers collected, evaluate the cost of a (scaled) tuberculosis / HIV impact study (PHIA), and document operational lessons to inform the scale of future joint tuberculosis and HIV studies.
The study will be conducted in two communities, Marburg and Ridge and will consist of two stages.
"A household stage where the head of household will be asked to answer a household question.
"All eligible individuals up to 500 adults plus their accompanying children (300 children <15 years per cluster) will be invited to attend the study center for further research. In each cluster, all households will be selected for the pilot study," said Nematandani.
Nematandani said that the people who would be invited to participate would be people of all ages who had slept in the household for at least five nights in the previous two weeks.
"A hub stage where all participants who have been invited and issued an invitation card will be asked to participate by completing an individual questionnaire and conducting various health checks, including tuberculosis screening and HIV testing."
"Where participants need to be referred for treatment and support, they will be affiliated with a local clinic," Nematandani said.
Nematandani said the survey would be anonymous, meaning all personal identifiers would be removed once the survey was completed. The aim of the study is to reach a total of 1600 people.
Community members were asked to welcome outreach workers identified by their branded disabilities and labels to their homes and support them in the process.
African News Agency (ANA)