Mars, with its distinctive rust-red look, has long envied humanity. The interest in the Red Planet is increasing, due to the technological progress that makes traveling to Mars more likely. Astronomers therefore show growing interest in the Earth's closest neighbor – and NASA's researchers have just discovered the incredible consequences of the catastrophic impact of the meteorite.
The enormous impact of the meteorite was powerful enough to break the ice on the southern ice cap on Mars.
And the remarkable images emanating from NASA's JPL (JPL) show the resulting remnants that are thrown into a eye-catching pattern.
The photos taken from the high-resolution NASA camera (HiRISE) revealed a unique two-tone impact.
"The impact strikes the ice layer, and the blasts of the explosive model tell us the sequence," explained HiRISE joint researcher Ross Beyer.
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– When a striker strikes the ground, there is a tremendous force like an explosion.
The larger, brighter color of the blast can be the result of windwash from the shock wave. "
It is believed that the larger, brighter color of the blast is most likely the result of wind-blow from the shock wave.
The incredibly detailed images of the fresh craters were taken from the Mars orbiting Mars Investigation hundreds of miles away.
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Driven by the University of Arizona, the powerful HiRISE camera is one of the six instruments in the MRO.
NASA's spacecraft has been on the Red Planet since 2006.
A 2013 study showed that there are more than 200 asteroid impacts every year on Mars.
Asteroids and comet fragments are usually no more than one to two meters long.
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It is approximately 10 times less than the meteor that explodes over Chelyabinsk, Russia, in February 2013.
And the craters created by these asteroids are on average about four meters wide.
The magnitude of the impact of space rocks of 200 per year on Mars was calculated on a portion of 248 new Martian craters identified over the last decade.
In November, NASA announced that it had chosen the place where Mars 2020 Rover would land on the Red Planet.
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It is expected to reach the Martian surface on February 18, 2021.
The long-term goal of NASA is to send a piloted mission to Mars in the 2030s.
However, former astronaut Buzz Aldrin believes the later target date of 2040 is more realistic.
In an interview for 2016, astronaut Gemini 12 and Apollo 11 said that by 2040 astronauts could visit the moon Phobos, which will serve as a step toward the Red Planet.
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