Come on 2023, NASA will have new eye tracking of the sky and are looking to solve some of the greatest scientific mysteries we know about.
This is thanks to the new approved mission called the Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, the Age of Reionization and the Ices Explorer and the SPHEREx nickname. The tool is designed to address two key issues: how The universe evolved and how often all the key building blocks of life are in our galaxy.
"I am really excited about this new mission," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridentonne says a statement"Not only extends the US Navy's space-based fleet dedicated to revealing the secrets of the universe, it is an important part of a balanced science program that includes missions of varying sizes."
The SPHEREx instrument will be able to collect optical and near-infrared light from an incredibly large number of sources: more than 100 million stars in Milky Way more than 300 million other galaxies. It will be able to deal with two different but equally fundamental issues in these two different aspects.
Overall, SPHEREx will scan the entire sky and collect data in 96 different wavelengths of light. In our Milky Way Galaxy, SPHEREx will map aquatic and organic molecules, which are the main ingredients for life as we know it. And beyond our galaxy, it will look back in the first moments of our universe. Scientists will be able to use their data to prioritize targets for other future space telescope missions, including Space Web Space Telescope James Webb and Telescope with wide-infrared scan,
"This amazing mission will be a treasure trove of unique astronomy data," said Thomas Zurbuben, an associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission. "This will provide an unprecedented galactic card containing fingerprints from the first moments of the history of the universe, and we will have new clues about one of the greatest mysteries in science: What drives the universe to expand as fast as a nanosecond after a big bang ? "
SPHEREx will be launched in 2023, aims to last for two years and is planned to cost 242 million dollars, excluding start-up costs.