Flu, dengue, vaccination rejection, effects of Air pollution and antimicrobial resistance are part of the ten health threats that the world will have to face in 2019, t World Health Organization (WHO).
As described by the WHO, the world faces "many challenges" related to health:
– the outbreak of diseases preventable by vaccination (such as measles), t
– increasing the degree of obesity
– physical inactivity
– the consequences of environmental pollution
– climate change.
"To deal with these and other threats, 2019 marks the beginning of the new a five year strategic plan of the World Health Organization: 13th General Work Program, "the organization underlined, detailing the ten topics that will require your attention this year.
The calls for attention by the WHO
HIV-AIDS: HLV is one of the threats, although important "progress" has been achieved with antiretroviral drugs (22 million people being treated) and appropriate preventive measures. However, the epidemic "continues to cause chaos," as nearly one million people die each year from HIV-AIDS.
influenza: the world will face another pandemic of influenza, although it is not known "when it will arrive and how serious it will be."
denga: Dengue, a disease that can be deadly, is "a growing threat for decades," the report said. There are about "390 million infections a year". The organization aims to reduce mortality by 50% by 2020.
Another challenge is related to non-infectious diseases such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Air pollution and climate change are also on the list of priorities, given that "nine out of every ten people are breathing air in the air daily."
"The denial of vaccination threatens to reverse the progress made in combating disease-preventable diseases, "said the WHO, which stressed that" currently prevents two to three million deaths annually and may prevent another 1.5 million if global coverage is improved vaccines . "
"Over 1600 million people (22% of the world's population) live in places where there are protracted crises (through a combination of challenges such as drought, famine, conflict and population migration) and insecure services. health care leave them without access to basic care, "experts warned. According to him, "antimicrobial resistance" is also within the picture, given that. T development of antibiotics, antiviral and anti-malarial agents represents "some of the greatest successes of modern medicine".
Finally, they pointed out that Ebola It should also be borne in mind, given that in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2018 there are two outbreaks of this disease spread in cities with more than 1 million people.