According to World Tourism Organization statistics, in 2017 international tourism grew for the eighth consecutive yearThe most sought-after destinations received 1.323 million people, which is about 84 million more than the previous year. Every day more than 3 million tourists cross international borders and each year about 1.2 billion people travel abroad, exposing their health to a wide variety of risks in an unfamiliar environment. These risks can be minimized by taking appropriate precautions before, during and after a trip.
"Long-haul journeys and flights have increased significantly lately, increasing the risk of illness, and long-distance travel, for example, exposes passengers to various factors that can affect their health and well-being: Travel time can lead to transmission of infection between the passengers sitting nearby – as a result of coughing or sneezing – or by direct contact with objects touched by other travelers. people can acquire an infection at the place of origin or destination and transport the disease from one site to another, may lead to an outbreak, "said Pablo Elmassian, an infectious medicine physician and medical specialist, member of the Adult Vaccine Group at the Center for Infectious Diseases (Funcei).
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that all travelers update their vaccination programs. The recommended vaccines for people to be traveled are classified into three categories: common (those that are part of the national vaccination calendar), mandatory (required by the International Health Regulations known as "RSI2005") and recommended for diseases that may be displayed during the trip). Recommendations for the vaccination of passengers are dynamic as they are subject to epidemic changes that may occur, so it is necessary to consult with current professionals and to make the necessary consultations on these changes.
"Traveling is a good opportunity for healthcare professionals to check whether the vaccination scheme for children, adolescents and adults is complete, as it is essential to protect the traveler and the health of his entire community on their return. Vaccines, such as those that protect against measles, influenza, pneumococcal and hepatitis A and B, meningitis, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis, should be considered before the journey.".
"When we prepare the trip, we think of reservations, passages, documents and suitcases.To protect ourselves from disease is an element that should also be considered.The visit of a doctor before the trip is essential to know the recommendations and the indication of the necessary vaccines and medicines, every destination, "explained the specialist.
Although the outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil has ceased, there is currently an indication of vaccination for those who visit most of the destinations in this country that are usually visited (except those located in the Northeast) as they are areas for the transmission of the disease. The vaccine is a very effective tool both for protecting the individual in regions where there is a risk of yellow fever infection and for protecting vulnerable countries from the import of the virus.
"It is important to note that not everyone who travels to Brazil should be vaccinated against yellow fever. The indication for the vaccine is only for those who travel to endemic zones. Consultation with a health professional should take place with sufficient time to put in place appropriate preventive measures, "said Elmasian.