China's ambitious space program kicks off the probe on Friday "Chang's 4" with which he seeks to become First nation to land on the dark side of the moon. The ship, named after the mythical goddess of the moon, is placed in orbit from the space center of Sichan, in the western part of the country.
The probe will land for about two weeks in the pool Aitken, at the southern pole of the natural satellite, where images of surface and soil samples will be made.
The researcher is equipped with a low frequency radio spectrometer to help scientists understand "how the first stars were lit and how our cosmos emerged from the darkness after the Big Bang."
The probe also will carry a bowl full of seeds of potatoes and arabidopsis, a small floral factory associated with cabbage and mustard. Scientists will check if the plants can grow on the Moon.
The biggest challenge will be to establish communication with the hidden face of the moon, which can never be seen on Earth, and is unachievable through a direct signal, said Professor Owyan Ziyuan, the director of the Chinese lunar program. "We will be deaf and blind"he said.
If the mission succeeds, China will become the first country to land on the hidden side of the Earth's satellite.
In May, China launched the Queqiao satellite, which aims to transmit information between Earth and Chan's 4.
While other countries are reducing their space programs, China has big ambitions in this area, including deploying its own space station in 2022, landing a Mars Ranger in 2020, and sending a mission to Jupiter in 2029.
The Asian giant also wants to continue exploring the Moon, and the next year can begin a mission to bring lunar stones to Earth. According to Beijing's plans in 2030, the first Chinese will land on the satellite.
The United States sent 12 astronauts to the Moon between 1969 and 1972. The Soviet Luna 24 probe arrived on the satellite in 1976 and 37 years later the Chinese Chan 3 was arrived.