Over the decades of the Cold War, the United States and the former Soviet Union wage war outside the Earth. Space missions became common between the 1960s and 1970s, while there was a turning point: the moment the man stepped onto the moon. Over the years, the works have become a different place, geopolitics has changed strategy, and these journeys have become less attractive. With the impetus of China's latest race to explore the dark side of the natural satellite, the European Space Agency for the first time the company exploring the opportunity for there for 2025,
This situation is historic, because so far the spatial activity of this organism has not been directed to the satellite. "Europe needs to be put in place, I am convinced that the conquest of space is essential for the future of mankind. Moon restoration is possibleAndre-Hueber Roussel, executive president of the group, said on Monday.
This year marks a half century from the day that Neil Armstrong said: "A small step for man and a big step for mankind." That cause led to this take advanced tasks for future research.
For this reason, he signed a contract with ArianeGroup for the exploitation of regolithic minerals it is possible to extract water and oxygen, "allowing the creation of an autonomous human presence on the moon". They will also seek to "produce the fuel needed for further research missions," according to what the group has written in a statement.
The study commissioned by ArianeGroup will be presented at the end of the year. "This is part of ESA's global plan to make Europe an important partner in the study [espacial] over the next decade. The use of space resources may be the key to long-term Moon exploration, "said David Parker, director of the European Agency for Research and Robotics.
The mission is unprecedented for Europe, which does not exclude that later – I believe that by 2030 – it can send people to this surface. So far only three countries have managed to land there: Russia, the United States and China entered the space race. Several weeks ago an artifact arrived at the hidden side of the satellite.
The resources of the moon go from basalt to helium 3, a scarce isotope on Earth, but often found there, which in theory can be used to generate energy. But the main goal of the researchers is to exploit the water contained in the ice of the moon poles, to divide into hydrogen and oxygen, two gas, which, mixed, can power the rocket engine.