Cryptorchidism or testicles are one of the most common defects in genitals that can cause infertility, but also testicular cancer, so it is important to diagnose it from an early age.
According to Dr. Lilia Berinic, Leva Machias, a midwife attached to ingenes, cryptorchidism or unresolved testicles, occurs in about 3% of all births, and in 1% of children over 3 months.
This disorder, which literally means "hidden testicle," refers to a testicle that has not reached its place in the scrotum, which is why it is known as a lack of testicle lowering.
Risks due to impossible testicles or cryptorchidism
Untreated cryptorchidism may have harmful effects over time. There are more cases in premature babies and there are hardly any specific symptoms but the lack of testicles in the scrotum during a review is obvious, explains specialist Ingenes.
Generally, testicles fall spontaneously during the first year of life, but when this does not happen, a surgical correction should be made to avoid infertility problems in the future and the development of testicular cancer.
In this respect, it is known that a patient with cryptorchidism in a testicle has a 75% risk of infertility. If the problem is two-sided and the lack of testicles is corrected, the risk is 50%.
In this sense, patients with unstable testis have 7 to 10 times more likely to develop testicular cancer than the rest of the population.
Causes of cryptorchidism and infertility
The causes of the impossible testicles are not entirely clear, but genetic, endocrine and environmental factors are known to be involved.
Men who have both unstressed testicles have up to 89% probability of having no sperm in ejaculate and infertility, explains Dr. Leiva Machias.
For this reason, men who want to be parents who have been trying for a long time should have complete tests to diagnose severe changes in sperm production, such as azoospermia, which is the lack of semen in the ejaculate, as well as cryptorchidism and development risk cancer.
An alternative to performing this type of fertility test is the biology of reproduction of ingenes that have an andrology unit and offer several options depending on whether or not there is sperm count.
One of these is the testicle biopsy, through which the sperm are extracted directly from the epididymis so that they fertilize the best egg in the lab to achieve the dream of having a baby at home through in vitro fertilization.