Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common diseases in the world. This metabolic problem has two variants, DM type 1 and type 2 DM. In both cases there are a number of digestive disorders that you need to know to prevent them.
Diabetes is multisystem disease, in which many organs including those of the gastrointestinal tract are affected. The effects of diabetes on the digestive system are aggravated by age. As with the duration of the disease and the existence of peripheral neuropathy. Then we will talk about some of these gastrointestinal effects.
Diabetes (DM) This is one of the most widespread diseases in the world. This metabolic problem has two options: Type 1 DM and DM type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common modality. This is due to resistance to insulin from the body cells. This causes hyperinsulinemia the pancreas is trying to compensate for this resistance. The organ is then exhausted as it can not continue with this rhythm of secretion.
Type 1 diabetes develops because the pancreatic beta cells responsible for the production of insulin, they can not produce that hormoneThe causes of this condition are autoimmune.
Effects of Diabetes on the Digestive System
Some of possible gastrointestinal events What may be the cause of diabetes are:
- dyspepsia; which means to worry and severe digestion.
- Acids, acids.
- Fecal incontinence
Likewise, some of medicines used in the treatment They can cause this type of symptom. Medicines such as metformin can cause or increase diarrhea and faecal incontinence. This is one of the most used medicines to treat the problem.
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Lower rate of digestion
Gastroparasis, also called a delay in emptying the stomach, is a disorder reduces the movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine. It consists of the main complication of diabetes to the digestive system. Changes in gastric motility are usually due mainly to the worsening of gastric relaxation. They can also be caused by some mobility changes. In many cases, pylorus-spasm can be observed, which contributes to the deterioration of stomach emptying.
This condition is more common in women Some of the most common symptoms are:
- Early stomach fullness.
- Nausea and vomiting,
- Changes in stomach emptying.
- Weight loss
To fight this state, It is very important to have a programmed, varied and balanced diet. Always following the recommendations of a specialist, you can get a good nutritional status. Thus, by achieving a balanced diet, The success of hypoglycaemic therapy will be greater. Also, possible stomach symptoms will be reduced.
The problem with chronic diarrhea
The spread of chronic diarrhea in diabetic patients is variable. In general, it affects middle-aged people, mostly men, and who have poor glycemic control. Episodes are usually night and not painful. It is important to distinguish them from faecal incontinence, a very recurrent disease in diabetics.
The reasons for this condition seem to be related to overcrowding of bacteria. This altered intestinal flora causes damage to the intestinal mucosa and poor absorption of nutrients. This can cause diarrhea. Again, some diabetes medicines, such as metformin, can lead to reduced absorption of bile saltsAn appearance that contributes to the effect of diabetes on the digestive system.
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Autonomic neuropathy and stomach disabilities
Also, a common condition in people with diabetes is neuropathy, Several studies have shown that a disease such as diabetes can cause a strong reduction of neuronal density, cause direct damage to the nerves.
It is also believed that the disease can also affect and aggravate some small caliber nerve branches. The vagal nerve is a nerve that plays a very important role in digestion and movement of the intestines. Disturbances in their functioning may result in poor digestive tract mobility.
This type of sympathetic nervous system disorder characterized by diabetes largely explains the many conditions of digestion that occur in the disease. And that's it There is a close relationship between the nervous system and the digestive system.
Therefore, a healthy lifestyle in which exercise and diet have an essential role, will help control the digestive symptoms resulting from diabetesAgain, the importance of healthy habits in the control of this disease is being observed.
source: Better health