In Peru, 2,950 people died diabetes in 2017, according to information from Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), told RPP News, the president of the Peruvian Diabetes Association (Adiper), endocrinologist Jorge Calderón.
Among the reasons why Peru continues to die for diabetes there is an increase in population in big cities. Migrant residents adopt a dangerous city lifestyle.
"50 years ago around 30% of the population lived in rural areas. Currently 95% live in urban areas. That brings a change in the Peruvian lifestyle, "Calderón explained.
Among the changes we found that most adult family members worked. Their urgent attitude forces them to consume fast food based on soft drinks, fried foods and food with high carbohydrate levels.
Because most adults are far from home for a long time, children do not have anyone to accompany them to the park to be disturbed and do physical activities. Children live at home in front of the screen watching TV or playing video games. Sedentarism in this way is a condition to affect the health of the whole family.
"For this reason, diabetes increases progressively. For this we add it About 30% to 40% of diabetics currently in Peru do not have a diagnosis because it is a silent disease. The person only feels it when they have problems in the legs, in the kidneys or in the eyes ", warns the endocrinologist of Calderón.
Diabetes has become another disease in the 21st century, but it is among the first conditions that are most dangerous to human health. According to the Adiper president, that The main cause of amputation of the lower limb is diabetic foot; This is also the main reason for dialysis in Peru and in the world. Another aggravating factor is that it has become a major cause of blindness due to retinal detachment.
"Two of the third parties with diabetes will die because of them cardiovascular disease either myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident, "Calderón added.
Peru must learn about the steps to prevent neighboring countries
Some neighboring South America have a coordinated strategy for the treatment of diabetes in their population. Chile, Colombia, Argentina, Brazil These are countries where the State is responsible for diagnosing diabetes in the entire population.
"They conduct evaluations every three years to see glucose level, making research on the prevalence of diabetes at the population level. Chile even has a kind of disease census and better access to medicines. In Argentina, the State provides a glucometer machine for their patients, "Calderón said.
An endocrinologist in diabetes from the Clinica Delgado, Alberto Quintanilla, suggested that the person should eat healthy and do 150 minutes of physical activity per week, according to WHO recommendations. This is because overweight and obesity They are the main cause of diabetes in Peru and the world.
Jorge Calderón de Adiper stated that if the person has one of the following conditions, it must be done annual glucose diagnosis to prevent diabetes: over 40 years old; Overweight or obese; family history of diabetes; women who have given birth to babies with more than 4 kg and women with gestational diabetes.