May 17, 2019 – 07:57
They target adults over 65 and people over 18 with risk factors.
"Pneumonia turns the healthy adult into a weak and vulnerable adult," perhaps this is the concept announced by the infectious physician Carla Viscoti, who best describes the lesions, often fatal, that cause this respiratory disease characterized by lung infection. , usually caused by bacteria, among which pneumococcal pneumonia is most common.
And this is not the biggest problem with the disease. The real drama is misinformation because despite vaccines to prevent pneumonia, vaccination rates in adults over 65 are still insufficient with two well-identified factors: the first is that not all medical specialties, of any specialty, prescribe the vaccine of elderly patients, which should be done strictly; and the second factor is the escalation of myths that are woven around vaccines, especially those that prevent flu and pneumonia, two closely related pathologies. Although the flu is caused by virus and pneumonia, bacteria, when a person falls ill with influenza, creates optimal conditions for the action of the bacteria of pneumonia in his body. And this is almost always a way to go.
For this reason, at a conference on Tuesday for the country-wide press of the SADI SADI infectious doctors, Omar Sued, Lautaro de Vedia, Gustavo Lopardo and Carla Vizzotti. It was clear: "Pneumonia can kill you and the vaccine can prevent it."
For the third consecutive year, SADI has launched its "Avoid Pneumonia" campaign targeting people over 65 and people aged 18-64 with risk factors. According to specialists, the incidence of the disease can be reduced, favoring the population's awareness of the existence of vaccines to prevent the underlying causes of pneumonia and optimize the medical recommendation.
At the conference where El Tributo participates, an important study was conducted in the city of General Roca, Rio Negro, which allows to estimate the incidence of the disease across the country, concluding that they happen every year in Argentina. more than 150,000 cases of pneumonia in people over 18 years of age.
High mortality in the elderly
Among the other worrying data is that work published in the British Medical Journal shows mortality in those over 65 years of age after 14 days of hospitalization, 19%, a figure that reaches 38% after one year of diagnosis. ,
The most common symptoms are cough (with or without expectoration), fever, chills, shortness of breath and increased heart rate. "Pneumococcus is responsible for the important burden of the disease in the adult population, which manifests as localized forms (acute community pneumonia) or invasive disease (meningitis, sepsis)," says Dr. Gustavo Lopardo, an infectious disease practitioner and former president . of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI).
Pneumococcal pneumonia, which also affects children, has two vaccines that prevent it from occurring: 13 serotype conjugate vaccine (VCN13) and 23 serotype polysaccharide vaccine (VPN23).
Free and Mandatory
From 2012 Argentina has the VCN13 vaccine in the national calendar, free of charge and mandatory for all children under 2 years of age. Since 2017, vaccination with a consistent VCN13 and VPN23 scheme has been added to this national strategy for people with risk factors and over 65 years of age.
While there are antibiotics for pneumococcal pneumonia, the death rate, which according to official data is about 12%, has not changed over the last 50 years, so it is important to implement a preventative vaccination strategy. ,
However, the extent of vaccination, especially in adults and adults, remains insufficient. In this framework, the "Avoidance of pneumonia" campaign aims to raise public awareness of pneumonia and the importance of helping to prevent pneumonia by vaccination. "The sequential pneumococcal vaccination scheme is recommended for all people aged 18-64 with chronic diseases such as heart disease, respiratory (asthma, COPD), kidney disease, diabetes, congenital or acquired immunodeficiency and transplantation, smoking, other , while prescribers can be vaccinated without medical advice, and vaccines are free of charge in vaccines, hospitals or public health centers, "said Dr. Carla Viscoti, a doctor of infectious diseases Olesen, a member of the vaccines in the US.
"It is important to highlight the importance of getting the flu vaccine every year if there is a higher risk of complications and death. This virus is a relevant cause of pneumonia. The same may be used concomitantly with a pneumococcal vaccine and is recommended for all over 65 years of age, pregnant women in each trimester of pregnancy, health care personnel, postpartum women up to ten days after giving birth if they have not received the vaccine during pregnancy medical order) and for people between the ages of 2 and 64 who present risk factors (including obese people) with a prescription, "recalls Venizotis.
The campaign includes Ads Alerts and Social Networks presence under the # EvitemosLaNeumonía hashtag. He also has his own website: www.evitemosla neumonia.com.ar, "because that's serious," said Guiermo Caro, the creative director of this campaign.