China is preparing to launch a new mission to land a space ship on the unknown distant side of the moon, demonstrating its growing ambitions as a cosmic force to rival Russia, the European Union and the United States.
With its mission Chang 4, China hopes to be the first country ever to make such a landing.
Even the distant side of the moon is also known as the dark side, because it faces away from the Earth and remains relatively unknown, with a different composition of places in the nearby country where past missions have arrived.
If successful, the mission planned to blow out on Saturday on a Long March 3B rocket will launch the Chinese space program into a leading position in one of the most important areas of the lunar exploration.
China landed its Jutu, or Jade Rabbit. Rover on the Moon five years ago and plans to send his sample Chan's 5 there in the coming year and return it to Earth with samples – the first time that would have been done since 1976. Along with that, a crew of the moon mission.
Chang & amp; 4 is also a combination of land rovers and will explore both above and below the moon after arriving in Von Karman's South Pole-Aitkon Crater after a 27-day trip.
It will also conduct radio astronomical research, which, since the distant country is always off Earth, will be "free of interference from our planet's ionosphere, human radio frequency, and aura of radiation," Space Expert Leonard Davids Space Space .com.
It may also carry plant seeds and silkworm eggs, according to the Xinhua official agency.
Chang is the goddess of the moon in Chinese mythology.
China is conducting its first space mission in 2003, which only makes it the third country after Russia and the United States do so. He has put two space stations in orbit, one of which still functions as a precursor to a station with more than 60 tons, which must come online in 2022.
The launch of a Mars road is scheduled for mid-2020.