Every May 17th World Day of HypertensionThis is a day when The aim is for the world population to realize the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which is expressed in "healthy blood pressure".
This disease – which affects one third of the adult population – is caused by the increase in the pressure exerted by arterial blood in a sustainable way. It does not give symptoms for a long time and, if untreated, can cause severe complications such as heart attack, stroke, kidney and eye damage as well as other complications.
It can be avoided if it is properly controlledThis is why that date also reminds healthcare professionals of the need for daily work at prevention and control, in addition to raising awareness among the population about early detection.
Hypertension accounts for between 20% and 40% of adults in Latin America and the Caribbean, which represents about 250 million people. In Argentina, according to the National Register of Arterial Hypertension – Renata – 2 published in 2017-, 36% of people over 18 years of age suffer from high blood pressure – this is 1 in 3, and is higher in men -43.7% vs. 30.4% -.
"This spread increases with the aging of people," he asserts Dr. Matthias Deprati, specialist in family and outpatient medicine at the Italiano de Buenos Aires Hospital and medical director of the Elea Phoenix Laboratory.
"Of the 55.5% of people who are treated, only 24% have adequate blood pressure control, especially in the women's population," emphasizes Dr Despaty.
These results oblige healthcare professionals and scientific societies to develop various interventions to optimize prevention, early detection – considering that almost 39% of hypertensive patients do not know it, and improve effective control strategies in hypertensive patients.
How is the diagnosis made?
The only way to detect hypertension is to measure it. Many people have high blood pressure for years without knowing it. There are two measures: systolic blood pressure (SBP) or maximum and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or minimal.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is considered when the maximum measurement is greater than or equal to 140 and the minimum is 90.
Several tips to prevent
According to the expert, choosing foods with less sodium in the labels, avoiding adding salt to food, eating more fruits and vegetables, physical activity, avoiding alcohol and tobacco are key actions.
On the other hand, high blood pressure, along with smoking, are two of the major factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease.
Taking this context into account, World Health Organization (WHO), Notes World No Smoking Day on May 31 encouraging countries to include a campaign against smoking in government policies for the next few years and to encourage participants in the public and private sub-sectors to participate in plans and strategies for generating non-tobacco countries.
"It is essential to know every day that it is important to control the risk factors for vascular diseases, not just to make sporadic actions for their awareness and control, so it is important that these reminders do not remain isolated situations and that we help to create a constant awareness of the good of our community. "