Sunday , September 26 2021

They warn that breastfeeding figures are far below what is recommended

Babies should receive breast milk as the only food for the first six months Credit: Shutterstock

Returning to the workplace, the lack of nursing and disinformation facilities have an impact on the abandonment of this practice; only 42% of babies receive only milk from the mother up to six months

Although last year there were 7% more women who breastfed their babies during the first six months of their life, encouraging breastfeeding continues to be an impending public health problem. The official report shows that while 68% of mothers put the baby in the first hour of their life, only 42% of them have exclusive breastfeeding, the recommended 180 days, according to a new edition of the National Breastfeeding Study (Ellaak). This means that nearly 60% of babies do not only receive maternal milk for up to six months.

"The data is far below what we would like," says Guadalupe Mangialovari, coordinator of the National Direction of Maternity and Childhood (Dinamia) of the Ministry of Health of the Nation. And he adds, "We have to give priority to breastfeeding for its many benefits, but it's urgent."

Returning to work or training, the lack of "friendly spaces" in breastfeeding, and even disinformation, influence the decision to give up.

When examining whether the time the mother and baby spend during the day affects the continuity of breastfeeding, the results confirm it. An average of four hours per day was reported. This period is sufficient to reduce breastfeeding from 91.6% to 85.9% in those under 6 months or from 79.9% to 72.7% over those over one year.

"We must ensure that all institutions, universities and jobs have a place to breastfeed and respect the woman who nurses," Mangialavori added. "Often the first barrier is the employer who has to give way, time, but often colleagues who are much more tolerant to what
rest to go to smoke with which to do
rest to express milk. "

Already in the first study of the myths and beliefs of the population that made the Milk League Argentina three years ago, half of those over the age of 16 participated in the market of artificially shaped breast milk.

"If the population thinks the infant formula is as good as breastfeeding, we are in trouble as a society," says Mangialavori, "nursing mothers do not formulate, we have a serious health problem in feeding children because we do not appreciate them,

Breast milk also has a positive effect on weight during growth. "In addition to providing all the nutrients the baby needs during the first six months of his life and protecting against common childhood illnesses (diarrhea and respiratory infections), there is increasing evidence that breastfeeding can be beneficial In the long run, such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence, "the World Health Organization said. "This reduces 26% overweight and 35% the rate of type 2 diabetes," says Dinamia team.

Reduce risks

Babies should receive breast milk as the only food in the first six months of their life. Only then should we include semi-solid foods and continue breastfeeding in a complementary way for at least two years. This, as recalled in the report, halves the risk of diarrhea and the third likelihood that children will have respiratory infections, including hospitalizations for these reasons. Bronchiolitis is the most common pulmonary infection, especially before the age of two. The research that the Children's Foundation has been doing for years in the country supports breastfeeding among the natural protection factors against the respiratory syncytial virus that collapses childcare every year.

Enalak has had a representative sample of the population for almost a year and a half of each province: 18,566 babies, organized in two groups, under six months, and boys between 12 and 15 months old. Unlike the previous editions since 2007, Mangialavori's team took into account socio-geographical and health indicators to refine the results.

In eight provinces there were changes compared to previous years in breastfeeding in the youngest group. While values ​​in Tierra del Fuego, Buenos Aires, Joju, La Pampa, and San Luis have improved, they have fallen in Misiones, San Juan and Santa Fe.

Infant formula is the most common substitute for mother's milk in children under six months of age (59%), while cow's milk is the most common option (8%).

"Almost all babies can get breastfeeding and all women can breastfeed," said Dinamia, "there are only a few contraindications (complete or partial) such as galactosemia (accumulation in galactose, sugar lactose in (difficulty processing of proteins, phenylalanine, from food) so that the health team is on the alert and trained not to prevent unnecessarily nursing. "

Attention data, for example, show that exceptional breastfeeding is much lower in children born prematurely (seven months pregnant) or lower in weight than those who exceed 2500 grams at birth (34 , 7 and 54.7%).

"A baby born with low birth weight leaving the institution without breastfeeding is the responsibility of the health team and any opportunity we do not defend from the outset is an opportunity we lose," says Mangialavori.

Report at national level

It is based on a sample of more than 18,000 babies

68 p
or a hundred

They are the mothers who put the baby on the breast during their first hour of life

26 percent

In exceptional breastfeeding, this percentage is reduced by overweight and at 35%, the rate of type 2 diabetes in children

59 percent

Mothers have chosen infant formula as the most common substitute for breastfeeding in children under six months of age

Unused tool

In the free line 0800-222-1002 (variant 7) of the Ministry of Health of the Nation, only 184 breastfeeding consultations have been received from all over the country. The most common concerns are related to the low amount of milk for the baby, breast pain, how to breastfeed, whether drugs can be used during breastfeeding, how to cope during excretion to go to work , how milk preserves and what is the ideal age for weaning.

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