traumaticBy definition, this is something that traumatizes, causing trauma. Until then, the Royal Spanish Academy seems to provide a family word rather than semantic precision. Now, when looking for a trauma, the dictionary returns: "Emotional shock that produces lasting harm in the unconscious, emotional or negative impression, strong and lasting." This is the essence of the matter.
What a trauma you can withstand. And if it is not treated in time, it appears almost invariably.
This became known during his presentation at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Prince William, when he shared what was certainly one of the most powerful experiences in his life, the consequences of which led him into a major depression.
on royal, At 36, he was honest about his problems with post-traumatic stress suffered from work in the British Armed Forces and chose to speak for that reason to help eliminate the prejudices that exist for mental illness.
"I think we finally have a generation that realizes that this is not normal, we have to talk about it, we need to get rid of stigma," said the Duke of Cambridge in his speech on Wednesday. "Now we have to start fighting prejudice, so our children and grandchildren will not have to go through this process and will be able to talk openly about it."
William reveals the consequences he has suffered after an incident that happened during his pilot's rescue.in the service of the British British Air Force. "It's still hard to talk about," said the young father of three children. "This is something that makes me very sensitive because it is closely related to my children",
Earlier, she said that after having had children (Prince George, 5 years old, Princess Charlotte, 3 years old, and Prince Louis, 7 months old), they are experiencing some of their most traumatic moments of work – involving minors, who are seriously injured in car accidents, and that this affects him emotionally.
But what is post-traumatic stress and why do the consequences take years? As you explained Infobae Psychologist Liliana Trieber (MN 43326), coordinator of Annecy's Anxiety and Injury Clinic, "is a violation that occurs after a traumatic event or a situation with a high emotional impact where the person may be a witness or hero of a fact, which generates a lot of fear, high emotional intensity or anguish.
The origin of this disorder may be of a different kind. The Diagnostic and Statistical Mental Disorder Version IV-TR (DSM-IV) recognizes various traumas that can lead to the appearance of symptomsAmong these traumas are abductions, road accidents, rape or sexual harassment, sexual violence against children, wars, torture, violent robbery, family violence, natural disasters and catastrophes, terrorist attacks, witnesses of violent events, unexpected loss of much to diagnose with severe illness. When the source of the trauma is another person who has intentionally acted to cause harm, the probability of suffering post-traumatic stress is much greater than that of other traumas.
The certified therapist in the treatment of prolonged exposure by the University of Pennsylvania has distinguished that the traumatic situation "may have been tested in a timely manner (as an incident) or may continue over time (for example, in the case of sexual abuse of one family)."
Traiber noted that since then the signs have been "very varied" this is a "complex picture"that it is important to diagnose properly. "
In this sense, the symptoms can be classified into three large groups.
Symptoms of re-experimentation: "In an attempt to rework the traumatic experience, many people feel or act as if they are experiencing the trauma in the present, which may last for a few seconds or minutes, and its contents are generally related to these moments before the moment. revival is through nightmares or unpleasant dreams indirectly associated with trauma, "says the specialist.
Activation alerts: – Some incentives may awaken the appearance of these symptoms. "People who suffer from this disorder tend to be depressed, sleep disturbed, suicidal, or suicidal to be unable to tolerate the emotional pain that caused this trauma, irritability, extreme vigilance, etc." , explained the specialist. "Memory begins to sink into all aspects of life and prevent its normal development," he added. "In general, what they felt during the trauma was again as if there had been no clarification of what had happened, and any memory related to the dangerous situation triggered the alarm."
Symptoms of avoidance: "A person with post-traumatic stress is trying to avoid the thoughts or feelings associated with the trauma, also often avoid situations, activities, things, or people who can remember what happened," says Treyber, who describes emotions such as "fear , anger, anger, anger, "the most common in this type of people." This happens as a process in which a person "blocks" the memory of what has happened because of the painful and little perishable process of overcoming.
– Why do the consequences take years to appear?
– Symptoms are chronic many times; People often suffer in a hidden way what has happened.
It can happen like this the person feels that he suddenly begins to remember something he did not have in mind and there appears symptom. In other cases, it appears immediately after the fact.
A person can be chronically that way, and if he does not talk and address it in an appropriate context, he will never have a diagnosis or treatment. Many people adjust to fear, and this hinders the approach.
It is important to make clear that the passage of time alone does not result in the person recovering; an adequate treatment that causes the reduction or elimination of symptoms is needed.
– What is the treatment?
The most studied form of psychological treatment for post-traumatic stress is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which has received extensive empirical support for its effectiveness. This method of treatment is the first choice according to the different consensus of the experts in this pathology. Currently there are cognitive-behavioral treatments specifically designed for people with post-traumatic stress. However, according to the characteristics of the patient and the presence of possible related problems, it is necessary to combine with pharmacological treatment.
CBT focuses on the avoidance behavior and the beliefs and thoughts associated with this behavior that support the perception of life in a state of constant threat or danger. One of CBT's main strategies is the exposure, which consists in educating the patient to control their memories so he can achieve that they do not appear involuntarily and that they do not hurt him or cause fear, sadness, suffering or anger every time they appear. This strategy runs until there is a moment when the patient can remember without fear, and finds that I remember is not dangerous. Exposure and cognitive strategies are also used to cope with the avoidance behavior that occurs after the trauma. By gradually opposing situations that he avoids performing, but before the trauma considered safe, one can adopt a more adaptive way of thinking about the context that surrounds him.
Prolonged exposure helps the patient overcome the trauma by developing and processing traumatic memories. When you can distinguish what it is to remember the trauma of being in it and to understand that remembering the pain you are causing is not dangerous and not telling what happened, it will not hurt you, you will be closer to the understanding that what hurts just does not talk about it.
Trieber pointed to that treatment is "very effective when a person performs", "The TCC work is active and everything the patient is doing helps him improve," said the specialist, who noted that the exercises and activities the patient took as "homework" were designed and matched. between the two of them.
And after assuring that despite what his name says, treatment is "not extensive in sessions," he concluded: "When a patient can process what has happened, he can choose when to remember it without making him experience the moment. "