n Exposure to sunlight or other sources of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), such as solariums, is the main cause of aging and development of skin cancer. RUV causes cumulative and irreversible damage to the skin structure. For this reason, it is essential to avoid sun damage from an early age. "Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in humans: 1 in 3 will be cut off, it is discovered early, in most cases it is treatable," explains Dr. Anna De Pablo, Deputy Head of Dermatology at the Austrian University Hospital and Professor at the Faculty of Biomedical Sciences of the Australian University.
Despite prevention and early diagnosis measures, skin cancers have increased worldwide over the past two decades. Argentina does not avoid this increase. "Raising public awareness of prevention measures is a major pillar, and it is important for people to learn to conduct self-study of personal knowledge and recognition of injuries that may be new, to change and motivate specialist advice. are trained to acquire healthy habits in front of the sun, minimize the risk of burns and reduce the build-up of damage from RUs, "said De Pablo.
Diagnosis of cancer still has a negative impact on people. It is perceived as a moment of return and no survival, but it is a fake idea that leads to isolation and stigmatization of people.
According to the Ministry of Health of the Nation, 9 out of 10 cases of skin cancer are due to exposure to the sun. The reason for this is that the skin continuously absorbs ultraviolet radiation that radiates the sun all through life.
It is believed that a person at the age of 18 is already exposed to 80% of the total UV rays that will be absorbed throughout his life, so it is important to adopt healthy habits before sun exposure all year round, not only during the summer Perform frequent checks on pounds personally, as well as with a specialist.
Within the framework of the National Skin Cancer Prevention Campaign, Dr. Alejandro Turk, Clinical Oncology Specialist (MN 65.164), proposes some recommendations that need to be taken into account to avoid injury during sun exposure during the summer season.
"There is a time when everyone is exposed to the streets, swimming pools or beaches in the sun, some who have darker skin are more lucky and tan even, but others with lighter skin should be careful and not to be ignored at each exhibition, "said the expert.
Yes and no, to protect the skin
According to the specialist, the skin that takes care of sun damage, especially in young people, has a lower risk of later showing signs of photosynthesis or injuries such as skin cancer.
"The more sun exposure, the greater the risk, the UV rays damage DNA, our genetic information, UVA causes aging of the skin, they wrinkle or stain over time." Repetitive exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun is considered by the science of the biggest risk factor for the development of skin cancer, the most common tumor of all, affecting the largest body of all, "Turek said.
"Reddening of the skin is an immediate reaction to the sun and is common in people with thin and clear eyes, darker skins do not go through this stage, but directly tan, but they are also damaged in the long run, so the protection While it is ideal not to expose the skin, if you are trying to achieve a tan, it is better to be progressive, especially during the first days of exposure. "
l It is essential to avoid sun exposure at noon between 11 and 16 o'clock, because at this point the shadow of the body is shorter and the sun shines brightly from the center of the sky.
l Babies and toddlers should not be exposed to sun until 6 months of age (mostly because they can not use protectors at this time) and at least 3 years to keep them with cotton, hats and FPS higher from 15.
• There is a wide variety of types of sunscreen products that match each skin type and situation. However, it is critical to use a broad-spectrum protective product (with UVB-UVA filters) with a sun protection factor of 30 or greater.
l After choosing sunscreen products, it is necessary to place the product half an hour before exposure so that the skin can absorb the active ingredients.
l The defender should be refreshed every two hours and then leave the water (sea, lake, pool, stream, river, waterfall) or drink excessively. It is also important to put a sufficient amount of cream. Approximately 2 milligrams per square centimeter of skin is recommended.
l In addition to applying cream, appropriate sunscreening accessories such as UV protection sunglasses, wide-brimmed caps, or visor caps should be used.
l Defender should be applied to all skin exposed in the sun and special attention should be paid to areas such as ankle, neckline or head on natural bald or shaved skin.
l The hydration ritual is recommended to be done in the morning before the day and then apply sunscreen
• You should not wear only light clothing, even if you think it is cooler because t-shirts or pants with closed weft and dark colors protect the skin from lightning.
l While in the sun, especially on hot days, drink plenty of liquid (approximately 2 to 3 liters a day) and increase your consumption of fruits and vegetables.
l After each exposure, the skin should additionally be hydrated to continue to protect it. The use of "post-sun" creams is also recommended so that the skin is not hurt.
Ultraviolet radiation, and in particular solar radiation, is carcinogenic to humans and causes all major types of skin cancer, such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
A pigment lesion is evaluated by the method or rule of Abcde; its asymmetry, edges, color, diameter, and its development. If a person has a pigment lesion or what we commonly know as a mole, the following features should be assessed: its asymmetry, the detection of undefined or raised edges, color tone differences, diameter greater than six millimeters, the presence of symptomatic lesions, such as painful or pruritus or ulcers.
Once a diagnosis has been made, it is sought to determine what type of melanoma is and at what stage it is, and on this basis, treatment and prognosis are established.
"This iconic action of the SAD is characterized not only by providing free care, detecting suspicious lesions from potential skin cancer to those who are voluntarily attending reviews, but also accompanied by measures of the photo-deputation, the vision of raising of awareness among the population of behavior that prevents pathology, "said Dr. Cristina Pasquito, a dermatologist and president of the Argentine Dermatological Society.