16:12, April 25, 2019
Products are growing in supermarkets "gluten-free" and in the bookshops there are appropriate culinary books. However, healthy people should not eat a gluten-free diet, said Karola Lüsberger of the Fachhochschule Gesundheitsberufe Oberösterreich on the sidelines of the FH Study Forum in Wiener Neustadt. This will not bring any visible benefits but will increase the health risks.
One percent of the population is from Disease of celiac disease affected. In these people, the small intestine is hypersensitive to gluten components and is therefore chronically inflamed. The only possible form of therapy at present is a gluten-free diet.
However, the number of people using gluten-free diet without a diagnosis of gluten-induced disease also increases.
It will be popularized and made pleasant for healthy people through a variety of gluten-free products and cookbooks. This is problematic.
In those suffering from celiac disease, a gluten-free diet will result in complete restoration of the small intestine but also as a side effect health risks: The Body Mass Index (BMI) is rising; they increase in such a diet. But this is partly due to the previous weight loss due to the disease, says the nutritionist. In addition, a gluten free diet favors high blood pressure and increases the risk of "metabolic syndrome". This "disease of prosperity" is characterized by overweight stomach, severe obesity, metabolic disorders and high blood pressure. "It is also thought that gluten-free diets in celiac patients affect the risk factors for cardiovascular disease," she said.
By one personalized diet and by repeatedly checking the nutritional status, the risks for celiac patients can be kept low, says Lumesberger. This ensures that their diet is balanced and all the necessary nutrients are present.
Dietary error: gluten-free diet
When healthy people without medical indication By eating gluten-free, they usually consume less whole grains and thus less fiber, she says. Then they increasingly resort to naturally gluten-free foods such as meat and dairy products, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Therefore gluten-free diet is for total population it's not recommended. "For patients with celiac disease, this is and remains safe and the only significant form of therapy," she said. In order to avoid nutritional errors and therefore secondary diseases, they should be adequately informed about a balanced diet without gluten.
The Fachhochschule-Forum 2019 is held under the title "Research moves" on 24 and 25 April in Wiener Neustadt as part of the Niederösterreichische Landesausstellung. It aims to put emphasis on the research of the universities of applied sciences and to enable researchers from different universities of applied sciences to unite and exchange their results, the organizers say