CThis is the case with cataract surgery and other laparoscopic procedures where a surgical telescope and the necessary tools are inserted through small incisions into the patient's body.
Data released on Thursday is collected annually by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) and distributed to provincial governments and hospitals to help them plan medical resources. "It really helps to know what patients should be hospitalized and what follow-ups they should do after they leave the hospital. This can help reduce waiting times as it allows for better use of resources, "said Corin Tong Ta, communications manager at CIHI.
Innovations were encouraged by the provinces to find ways to carry out operations without hospitalization – thus reducing costs. And we see the results. Ten to fifteen years ago, all cataract surgery required hospitalization. Laparoscopy, a much less invasive technique, also helps reduce hospitalization rates, she continues.
"And we also know that patients get better results when they stay in the community than if they have a long hospital stay," she added.
The data show that for the period 2017-2018 the rate of hospitalization in Canada is 7944 per 100,000 inhabitants, which is a decrease compared to 8205 in 2013-2014. These data are adjusted for age, gender and population growth, the Institute says.
The average length of hospital stay also slightly decreased during the same period to 6.8 days.
The total number of hospital stays at least one night rather than the percentage has increased due to the aging of the population and its growth. In 2017-18, Canada had more than 3 million acute hospitalizations.
Another good news: The main reason for hospitalization in Quebec and Canada is not the result of illness or accident. These are supplies.
Otherwise, the other more frequent reasons for staying in Quebec's hospitals are, in this order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, heart failure and heart attack.
These are the same trends for Canada, says Ton Ta: "The patient profile is quite similar from coast to shore."
With the exception of supplies, other reasons for hospitalization are related to aging, she says. "We can expect to see more chronic conditions with aging, which brings some diseases like heart attacks and lung diseases."
In addition, the data collected suggests that the five major operations in Quebec are caesarean section, coronary angioplasty, fracture repair, knee arthroplasty and hip arthroplasty.
CIHI is an independent nonprofit organization that provides information on Canadian health systems and Canadian health.