Photo: Portal Biologia / Divulgação
Bahia reported a reduction in malaria by 98.2% in 2019. 56 cases were reported in the country between January and March last year, while only one case was confirmed during the same period this year.
According to data from the State Health Service in 2018, the main city affected is that of Wenceslau Guimarães. As of June 7, 66 of the 69 cases in the country were confirmed in the county. Two of them led to death, and three of them were imported from Amazonas, Ampa and South Africa.
In Brazil, the decrease is 38%, according to data from the Ministry of Health, with 31 872 new cases of the disease between January and March 2019. In the same period in 2018, the number was 51,076. The focus of malaria is mainly in the Amazon region, which concentrates more than 99% of the cases.
This Thursday (25) marks World Malaria Day. Malaria is a disease transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito and is caused by protozoans of the genus Plasmodium. The main symptoms are fever, fatigue, vomiting and headache. The main victims are children under the age of 5, which, according to World Health Organization (WHO) data, account for 61% of the deaths.
According to the Ministry of Health, the goal is by 2030 to eradicate malaria from the planet. For prevention, the agency recommends the use of mosquito nets immersed in insecticides, the use of long clothing, the installation of door and window screens, the use of repellents and the avoidance of exposure during mosquito activity.