CAPE CANAVERAL, FLA .- In our family of solar systems, Mars is a close relative on Earth, a close relative who has conquered people for millennia. The attraction will certainly increase with the arrival at NASA Airport, called InSight, on Monday.
InSight should provide the best appearance in the deep interior of Mars using a mechanical mall to tunnel 5 meters deep to measure internal heat and a seismometer to record earthquakes, meteor shocks and everything else that can cause the red planet to shake.
Scientists believe that Mars is a talented time capsule. It is less geologically active than the larger Earth and thus retains much of its early history. By studying the preserved heart of Mars, InSight can teach us how the rocky planets of our solar system formed about 4½ billion years ago, and why they were so different.
"Venus is hot enough to melt lead. Mercury has a sun-baked surface. Mars today is quite cold. But Earth is a nice place to relax, so we really want to understand why a planet is going in one way, another planet is changing in another way, "says InSight leading scientist Bruce Banner of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California .
Today the Earthmakers are attracted to Mars for various reasons.
"Trying to understand how life is or has been distributed in our solar system is one of the most important issues we have," said Slash at a press conference.
"Are we alone? Have we been alone somewhere in the past?
Two years later, NASA will actually seek evidence of an ancient microbial life on Mars – if it really is there.
On Monday, the space agency reported that Lake Crater is the landing site of Ross Mars 2020, which will collect samples and hold them back to Earth in the early 1930s. The ancient lake and river system of the crater are filled with a variety of rocks, making it a potentially hot place for past life.
Repeat, past life. Not present.
Michael Meyer, NASA's leading research scientist on Mars, said the surface of Mars was too cold and dry, with too much radiation bombardment for life to exist.
Recorded observations on Mars – about twice as large as the Earth's moon – date back to ancient Egypt. But it was not until the 19th century that Martian mania had intervened.
Italian astronomer Giovanni Siaparelli began mapping Mars in 1870 and described the channels as "canals" – Italian channels. But with the recently completed Suez Canal of many minds, "channels" are understood as artificial, extraterrestrial channels.
Adding to the riots, the American astronomer behind Lowell Observatory, near Flagstaff, Arizona, Percival Lowell, decided that the canals transported water from the poles to intelligent civilizations living near the equator.
Lowell's thoughts influenced HG Wells, author of the War of the Worlds in 1898. The broadcast of the science fiction novel in 1938 terrified many Americans who thought Martians were really invading.
The classical 1950 novel by Ray Bradbury, Marsian Chronicles, keeps the inertia on Mars.
Fast forward to the 21st century and the founder of SpaceX and the science fiction enthusiast Elon Musk is leading a real Mars charge. It provides hundreds of thousands of people to chop Mars in giant SpaceX ships and colonize the red planet to continue the species.
Just last week, Musk revealed new names for interplanetary ships and rebel rockets: Starship and Super Heavy.
Musk is so passionate about Mars that he hopes to die there one day, though he does not stress the impact.
As NASA takes on its own Mars missions with crews, it turns its immediate attention to the moon. Orbital outpost near the moon can serve as a climbing point on the moon surface and even on Mars, according to officials. It will also serve as a proof of proximity to the home before the astronauts increase 100 million miles to Mars.
All observations and reports coming from NASA's robotic Mars researchers will help the pioneers of the human Mars, according to Thomas Zurbuheen, head of the NASA scientific missions.
This is the charm of Mars, according to the scientists.
Going to Mars is a "dream," said Philip Lloyd, a French space agency, project manager for InSight Seismometer. "Everything is compelling."