Beijing is preparing to launch a new mission in the early Saturday to land a spacecraft on the unknown distant side of the Moon, demonstrating its growing ambitions as a cosmic force to rival Russia, the European Union and the United States
With its mission Chang 4, China hopes to be the first country ever to make such a landing. Even the distant side of the moon is also known as the dark side, because it faces away from the Earth and remains relatively unknown, with a different composition of places in the nearby country where past missions have arrived.
If successful, the mission planned to detonate aboard the Long March 3B rocket will launch the Chinese space program into a leading position in one of the most important areas of the lunar exploration.
China landed its Jutu, or Jade Rabbit. Rover on the Moon five years ago and plans to send his sample Chan's 5 there in the following year and return it to Earth with samples – the first time that would have been done since 1976.
Chang & amp; 4 is also a combination of land rovers and will explore both above and below the moon after arriving in Von Karman's South Pole-Aitkon Crater after a 27-day trip.
It will also conduct radio astronomical research, which, since the distant country is always off Earth, will be "free of interference from our planet's ionosphere, human radio frequency, and aura of radiation," Space Expert Leonard Davids Space Space .com.
It may also carry plant seeds and silkworm eggs, according to the Xinhua official agency.
Chang is the goddess of the moon in Chinese mythology.
China held its first space mission in 2003, which only made it the third country after Russia and the United States made it. He has placed two space stations in orbit, one of which still functions as a precursor to a station with more than 60 tons, which will appear online in 2022. The launch of a road on Mars is scheduled for the middle of 2020,
To facilitate communication between Earth controllers and Changes Mission 4, China launched May Queqiao Relay Satellite or Magpie Bridge in May after an ancient Chinese folk tale.
China's space program has benefited from co-operation with Russia and European countries, although it was excluded from the 420-ton international space station, mainly due to US law prohibiting such cooperation amid worries about its strong military ties. Her program also experienced a rare break last year with the Long March 5 rocket pickup.
China's last mission follows the touch of a NASA InSight spacecraft on Mars on Monday, less than 400 miles (640 kilometers) from the American Rover Curiosity, the only other working robot on Mars.