Conservative prime ministers accuse Prime Minister Justin Truau of "moving the arrows" to the national carbon reduction plan by demanding more cuts than before, even when some provinces are worried about carbon levy.
Prime ministers came out of the first ministerial meeting on Friday to say they agreed on some issues, especially as regards the need to reduce barriers to interregional trade.
But Prime Minister Ontario Doug Ford said that Mr Trudeu surprised the prime ministers, saying he expects some provinces to cut their emissions by more than 30% from 2005 levels to 2030 – the target adopted for the country as altogether, because others, especially Alberta and Saskatchewan, can not achieve this goal.
Ontario says she has developed a plan to reach the 30% target, which is far less ambitious than the goal set by the former liberal government under Catherine Wynn.
"But suddenly we have a little surprise in the room, the groove has changed," said Ford. "After all sign up to 30%, some will carry more water than other provinces, which puts our economy in production uncertain."
Saskatchewan's Prime Minister Scott Moe also accused the federal liberal government of reconsidering it. "With this discussion today, it's basically to move the door," said Mr. Moe.
But he will not explain how he believes the federal position has changed. And Mr Moe seemed to contradict Mr Ford, telling reporters that the latest Pan-Canadian Climate Change Agreement said that each province would contribute to reducing emissions to the extent of its own capabilities.
Trudo's government has relied on more ambitious efforts by Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia to compensate for slower progress in the two prairie provinces that rely heavily on oil and gas and coal-fired power.
Mr. Trudeu described the carbon reduction plan set up by the conservative Ontario government as a step backwards.
"We have an approach that recognizes that Canada's goals are national goals. [Mr. Ford] wants to play games with numbers. But it is clear that we will go forward, as we always have in a very consistent way. If someone moves, this is Prime Ford, "said Mr Trudo.
Meanwhile, Nova Scotia Prime Minister Stephen McNeill said he does not share Mr Ford's interpretation of the discussion.
"Mr Trudo said that some provinces would ultimately end up more than the 30% target on the basis of what is happening in their jurisdiction, some provinces will achieve more than others," Mr McNeill said, adding that Nova Scotia is likely to cut emissions by 50% by 2030.
Saskatchewan, Ontario and New Brunswick will appear in court to challenge the constitutionality of Ottawa's move to meet their climate change plan by imposing a carbon tax on jurisdictions that do not have their own comprehensive emissions strategy.
Although it was foreseen that political divisions and disagreements on carbon tax would lead to a tense discussion on the table of the first ministers, the prime ministers characterized the meeting as friendly and productive.
But the prime minister in Alberta, Rachel Notley, has said he has to "elbow" her because she urged urgent action to mitigate the effects of the sharp increase in crude oil production and the shortage of pipeline and rail transport capacity to produce oil markets. Alberta limited production by about 325,000 barrels a day to ease what Mrs Notley describes as a "price crisis" that sees the rest of the world sells its oil at about $ 50 a barrel, and Alberta wins only $ 10.
"When Alberta's oil is sold in Canada, the profits from it actually go back to Canada," said Ms. Notty. "So it makes sense to say that the whole of Canada is more strategic."
Ms. Notley said that prime ministers from all over Canada have talked about the importance of prosperity in Alberta and Saskatchewan, which is also heavily dependent on the oil sector for the health of the national economy.
Quebec's Prime Minister, Francois Legal, however, reaffirmed his position that opposition to any pipeline is too intense in Quebec even to consider it. "I am not uncomfortable to deny the dirty energy when we have clean energy," said Mr. Legal.
Mr Trudeau entered the meeting to boast of a healthy economy, with figures showing Canada's Canada statistics on Friday showing that Canada has won 94,100 jobs in November and the unemployment rate has fallen to 5,6 % – 40 years low.
Even Alberta added 24,000 jobs and registered a drop in unemployment to 6.3%, down by one percentage point.
Ms. Notley admitted that job growth: "We are threatened, however, if we do not take care of the situation with the reduced oil price."
In interprofessional trade, Manitoba's Prime Minister, Brian Pallister, noted the progress made in removing barriers and cutting tariffs over the past two years, and positive efforts continued at Friday's meeting.
Barriers are obsolete, there is no reason to have them, "said Mr. Palisher," There is a commitment to working together and that's critical. "