Posted 11:47 AM ET, 23 November 2018
What will be needed for NASA's InSight spacecraft to land on Mars.
NASA, Florida today
CAPE CANAVERAL – Mars has an unpleasant habit of living up to its mythological name and reaching Earth when it comes to welcoming visitors.
NASA's observer is the latest spacecraft to come to shout, with every intention of landing and digging deeper on the planet than above all. The flight arrives in Mars on Monday after a six-month trip.
"We've had a number of successful storages yet, but you never know what Mars will do to you," said Rob Grover, a leading engineer for the landing team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Mars landing is always risky, Grover and other experts emphasize every opportunity.
NASA's InSight InSight mission, which will study the interior of Mars, was launched at the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on Atlas V at 7:05 am on Saturday, May 5, 2018 in Eastern Time.
"Our mission in the landing team is to be paranoid about what can go wrong and make sure we do our best to make sure things are going well," he said,
The numbers support him. Only 40% of all Mars missions – baptized to the Roman god of war – have succeeded.
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"Going to Mars is really really hard," NASA senior science officer Thomas Zurbuheen told reporters earlier this week. "Like humanity, researchers around the world, we fight about 50 percent – or less."
The United States is the only country that successfully manages a spacecraft on the surface of Mars. InSight is NASA's ninth experience of putting a spacecraft on Mars; only one effort failed.
The SLC-3 mobile service tower is back to reveal the United Launch Alliance Atlas-V (ULA) with the NASA InSight spacecraft, which is on board the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on May 4, 2018. (Photo: NASA / Bill Ingles)
The latter – Nasa's Rover for Curiosity – is still on the move in six years, with more than 20 kilometers per kilometer. The larger and lesser opportunity of the space agency strolled there until June when the global dust storm dropped it. Flight controllers have not given up hoping that they will be restored.
Forty-year history of humanity trying to get to Mars involves attempts to cross the red planet to take photos without stopping, as well as much more complex efforts to place spacecraft in orbit around the red planet and real landing.
NASA's Mariner 4 made the first successful flyover of the red planet in 1965 by sending 21 photos.
Mariner 9 made it in orbit around Mars and shot back more than 7,000 photos.
And NASA's Vikings 1 and 2 not only launched a spacecraft in orbit around Mars in 1976, but also on the surface. Viking couples were the first successful landings on Mars from planet Earth.
The 90s of the last century were not as good for NASA. A humiliating English-metric vibration for reversing was doomed to a Mars observer in 1993. Another American orbit was later lost, as well as ground and two companion probes designed to penetrate the surface.
Review of NASA's Mars InSight mission, which will empower scientists to learn more about how Mars and other planets are being formed.
Despite decades of experience, Russia, in particular, was lucky on Mars.
Then the Soviet Union was the first to try to cross Mars in 1960. The spacecraft never reached the Earth's orbit. After further failures at launch and unfortunate flights, the tips eventually received a pair of spacecraft in orbit on Mars in 1971 and received real data. But the companions' companions were quite bust.
So it was for the Russians and the Russians in their last experience with China in 2011. The bleak purpose was to land a Mars Phobos spacecraft to collect and return samples and put a second weapon in orbit around Mars. Nor did he get out of Earth's orbit.
Europe was also bitten by snakes on Mars, as well as Japan.
While the European Space Agency has satellites operating around Mars, both attempts to land are floppils. Only two years ago his land-based ship struck the surface so quickly that he dug a crater. The only Japanese space planet Mars, launched in 1998, has not made orbit.
Meanwhile, India has operated a satellite around Mars for four years – the first and only shot of the red planet.
There is a great European presence in NASA's InSight. Germany is responsible for a mechanical mall designed to expel 16 feet (5 meters) to the surface of Mars to take underground heat measurements while France directs the earthquake monitoring seismometer.
On the surface, Curiosity is the only thing that works on Mars. Currently in orbit: US Odyssey from 2001, Mars Express in Europe (2003), US Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (2006), US Maven (2014), Mangalyan (2014) in India and European Trace Gas Orbiter (2016 ).
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