As parents prepare their children for the new school year, the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Welfare wants to ensure that part of this preparatory work involves ensuring that their children's vaccinations are up to date.
Once school resumes, children can easily spread illnesses between themselves and their classmates and ultimately return to the adults they come in contact with.
Immunization helps protect children and the general population from serious illnesses.
Vaccinations reduce the risk of infection and help people develop immunity to whooping cough, measles and many other ailments, the provincial government said in a statement.
Before starting school, children between the ages of four and six should receive a Tdap-IPV vaccine booster that protects against:
- Donkey cough.
Some children may also need a second dose of MMRV vaccine to prevent:
- It mumps.
Grade 7 students receive HPV vaccines, hepatitis B, quadrivalent meningococcal and Tdap vaccines in clinic-based schools.
The health ministry said it was also important for parents and guardians to make sure their own vaccinations were up-to-date and that they keep a record of their family's vaccination history.
Adults who have not received two doses of measles, mumps and rubella vaccine should also be vaccinated. In addition, all adults require a booster dose of diphtheria and tetanus every 10 years. Some adults will also need whooping cough vaccination.
How to find out what vaccines you need
The healthcare provider can help families determine what vaccines are needed to make sure that everyone in the household is safe.
Those who do not have a healthcare provider can call their local public health office for immunizations, according to the health department.
There is also a mobile application called CANImmunize where people can get more information about vaccines and track their immunization records.
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