Hunters and wildlife officials are alert to serious illnesses that pose a threat to Ontario's white teeth population and human health.
The two main threats are chronic disease loss and bovine tuberculosis. Both can infest humans and have been confirmed in deer populations in Quebec and the American States to Ontario.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forests announced this week that bovine tuberculosis was not found in Ontario's deer in 50 years. However, employees remain vigilant for him on a checklist of rare but dangerous infections.
In recent years, nature conservation officers have been on the lookout for chronic disorder (CWD) in Ontario's deer, moose, elk, and caribou.
While testing for CWD – which is similar to mad cow disease – conservatives also pay attention to bovine tuberculosis. Three cases of CWD were confirmed this fall in the white teeth population in Quebec near the Ontario border.
"If the deer tested for CWD shows symptoms consistent with tuberculosis, the samples are sent for further testing," MNRF spokesman Mayonnae Diane said this week. "In addition, sick and odd-acting deer from the entire province are regularly tested through the ministry's partnership with the Canadian wildlife health co-operative."
While CWD and bovine tuberculosis are not a problem in Ontario, the hunting community is preparing to change. Not only the CWD nearby in Quebec, cattle TB has been a chronic problem in Michigan for decades.
During the autumn hunting season, wildlife officials test hundreds of white feathers for CWD and bovine TB in Ontario hunting camps. Hunters and provincial authorities would have known a little about the extent of these diseases if they were not tissue samples stemming from the autumn harvest.
"This is a great example of hunters' contribution to conservation," said OFAH biologist Keith Munro this week. "If we did not have this, we would not have indicators to monitor these diseases."
Due to dangerous infections such as CWD and cattle TV, hunters should be careful to deal with their killings. CWD is only detected by tests, whereas wounds and infections on the spine are a possible symptom of tuberculosis.
"As part of the usual good practices in processing and processing deer, elk and moose in Ontario, hunters are advised to wear rubber gloves when they form carcasses, minimize brain and spinal cord processing, minimize bone processing the skull and (i) do not consume the brain, spinal cord, eyes, spleen, tonsils or lymph nodes of the collected animals, "said Dinani.
Brain tissue deteriorates in animals suffering from CWD. Like mad cow disease, the cause is fraudulent protein digested in grazing. People who consume nervous tissue from infected animals are at risk of swallowing a brain loss condition called Creutzfeld-Jakob disease.
Major tuberculosis is caused by a bacterium that is contagious for humans and livestock. Michigan Conservation Officers have been testing year-round for deer TV since 1995.
On its website, the Ministry of Natural Resources in Michigan says 900 of the 230,000 deer tested in the past 23 years have been positive for the disease.
Three quarters of the cases were in the area of the cities of Montmorency, Alpea, Oskoda and Alcona on the west bank of Lake Huron opposite Bruce.