Sunday , June 20 2021

Surrey is about to get rid of the RCMP. Will there be a domino effect?

Eight days after two teenage girls were found on the road in Surrey, 8,000, appeared on a grim demonstration against the gang violence last June.

While violent crimes have fallen to Surrey over the past three years, the infidelity of target hits refers to the diverse community of the city. Another shooting took place 11 days after the rally, killing Paul Bennett, a beloved little hockey coach in his alley.

Stage of a rally against the violence of the band in Surrey on June 13, 2018.

Twitter / Janet Brown, CKNW

Surrey is the 12th most populous city in Canada. It is currently considered a suburb of Vancouver, whose population will acquire its better-known neighbor by 2041. In recent years the city has witnessed shocking crimes. Six years ago, four bodies were found on the Colebrooke Road remote for three months, which led to the installation of new lights and cameras worth $ 80,000.

RCMP Assistant Comm. Dwayne McDonald, Surrey's head, after demonstrating in June, immediately issued an open letter stating that he was "confident" in the RCMP police model. But Suri's residents were not so confident. In October, they voted in a council where everyone except one of them committed to replace the RCMP with a local police force.

WATCH: December 19, 2018 – Residents of Surrey are concerned about safety after approval of the budget

The Council adopted a proposal on 5 November, its first day of office, to take "all appropriate steps to immediately set up a Surrey police station".

A RCMP spokesman says the forces are "a neutral party" in this process, and the vote "is not a critique of the service provided by RCMP to Surrey citizens."

Observers said it might be the first domino that will fall in a region where the RCMP has over a dozen detachments. But they also say that this is an opportunity for the mountains to change the way they approached the local police.

Jack Hundial, a former RCMP employee who spent 25 years with power, is one of the many lecturers on the rally in June, organized by the group against the violence against the Wake Up Surrey band.

"It was something like a boiling point in our community," Hundial told Global News, describing a city where children are returning home with unexplained money and many mobile phones, clear signs of joining gangs.

READ MORE: 220 Million Dollars and counting – the cost of the "dysfunction culture" of the RCMP

Hundial now sits on the city council. He joined and eventually voted for a proposal to terminate the RCMP contract and to continue the work of the independent police. Hundall admitted that submitting the proposal without fully justifying it was "putting the cart in front of the horse", but given that there are many steps before the local police take over the government, he believes that this can also give an opportunity for the mountain to think about how they approach their work in the city.

"Let's look at increasing our presence in our schools, being more interactive. Let's look at the greater involvement of the community in what we do with our police resources. "

The responsibility of the RCMP to Surrey is set out in the Municipal Police Compliance Agreement, which requires the Surrey officer to report directly to the mayor, even though he also provides reports to the council. This contrasts with the municipal police council, the civil authorities, which include the mayor, a councilman and up to seven people appointed by the province.

Surrey is a very diverse city, for example, those of South Asian origin account for over 32% of the total population.

WATCH: June 13, 2018 – Surrey residents gathered against the gang violence

The presence of a city-based police service, said Suhi Sandhu, organizer of "Wake Up Surri", will be more effective in fighting the gang's crisis.

It's about the police model, the demographics and the diverse population, "he told Global News.

"One of the benefits of having municipal police like Delta or Vancouver is that you are more rooted in the community, you are closer to your neighborhoods," he said. "You have more presence and to make changes to your business model, there is no need for approval from Ottawa."

The RCMP says their Surrey squad is a local police: it has been in existence since 1951. The average time spent by one officer is seven years, and 38% of them live in Surrey.

While RCMP is headquartered in Ottawa, Surrey, they say that their "primary responsibility" lies with the city. The SCOR employee in Surrey reports to the mayor and also updates the Public Safety Committee of the city on issues such as police priorities, crime statistics and trends, Mounts told Global News.

It has been proven that local police are promoting partnerships that have helped police identify suspected gang members within communities. When it comes to bands, the RCMP Council has a long-term strategy focused on promoting 'positive decisions for young children and providing accessible support and guidance for parents'.

Resistance to Reforms: Is Civil War the Magic Bullet the Mountains Need?

However, critics argue that RCMP is slow to adopt bandwidth measures that exist in other communities.

An example of this is the Bar Watch program, which aims to keep members of the gang of bars and restaurants.

Kash Head, a former Prof. Advocate-General and former head of the West Vancouver Police Department, said the RCMP's local squads had to go through "layers of structure" to approve similar creative methods to the police.

Bars and restaurants can scan the patrons' papers to see if they are "inadmissible persons" – alerted to bad behavior or involvement in violent crime.

Attention was on such a program when he was with the Vancouver police about 12 years ago. The aim is "to prosecute bandwidths that visit specific areas," such as bars and restaurants, he said. "We had a shot, we had murders, it was part of saying that you would not be allowed to enter these particular areas because of your behavior.

WATCH: June 21, 2018 – More anti-gang races in Surrey

Later, the program was presented to other local police forces in Metro Vancouver, who executed it "right away," said Hayd. RCMP, however, criticized the program "for years," he said.

Then, in December 2018, the Surere Council announced its own version of Bar Watch, called the "Ineligible Cartridge Program".

"You want to talk about a structure in the RCMP where, for example, you can not do things in a timely manner … there is the best example you can get," said Hayd.

Read more: Surley needs another 350 cops, say anti-criminal group Wake Up Surrey

In a statement, the Surere Council countered that it took five months, "not 12 years", to start their program – these months cover the time that has passed since the city published a report supporting the idea.

Switching to community policing would be in contradiction with the trends observed in national police forces over the past two decades – and globally. While some in Surrey are pushing for a community-based approach, RCMP has been focusing on a national approach since 2000.

Surrey is not the first Metro Vancouver community to seek replacement of RCMP with independent police – nor is she alone in Canada.

City B. Richmond is exploring what it takes to move to the local police station four years ago for similar reasons for Surrey – a concern that decisions are made in Ottawa without regard to the local context or cultural composition of the city. If Richmond had to advance with his own police forces and maintain the existing levels of service, then operating costs for the police would have risen from $ 2 to $ 4 million a year and would require an increase in property tax to two percent.

However, Richmond decided to keep the mountain, referring to a low level of crime and strong service by local authorities.

Surrey Mayor Doug McCallum calculated the cost of moving to local police at $ 120 million. It is not calculated how much the operating costs will change or how this can affect the tax accounts.

WATCH: December 26, 2018, the Minister of Public Safety works closely with Surrey to establish a new police force

Other communities that are still controlled by the RCMP, however, review their enforcement. This includes the red deer city, which records the highest levels of crime in Canada in communities with over 100,000 people in the last six consecutive years. The city has called for an external review of its police activity, as crime continues to be a major concern for residents there.

Red Deer is working on a hybrid model in which the RCMP provides a basic performance, although there is a "very strong municipal component that supports it," said Mayor Tara Beer in December.

Crime levels appear to be alarming whenever crime data is published, says Red Deer. Buck Buchanan, formerly Mauthy himself.

READ MORE: RCMP Civil Counseling Board to deal with bullying, harassment – is it enough?

There is an almost "50/50 division" when it comes to feelings about RCMP in Red Deer, he told Global News – some are satisfied with the service and others are not.

"I do not think, as a former member, that we as a force have done a lot of police in the municipality," Buchanan said. "I think we tried to take a smaller police style or the police in rural areas and tried to apply it in a larger place."

Buchanan said Suri's decision had sent "a shock of excitement through the police world" because it was the largest force squad. And that "everyone is watching" in Surrey to see what the future of RCMP's involvement in local police in cities will be.

Shirley Haify agrees.

Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Complaints Committee against the RCMP from 1996 to 2006, an agency that later became the Citizens' Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP, Heafey said that RCMP is a "costly burden" for taxpayers , as a culture that "can not be fixed".

She said the community that the mountain police "did not receive the service they should get most of the time to prepare their members under parallels and first have to respond to Ottawa headquarters."

Prime Minister Justin Trudo is sitting with RCMP assistant commissioner Dwayne McDonald, an officer in charge of the Surrey RCMP, on his left during a round-table discussion on gangs and arms control in Surrey, BC, on September 4, 2018.

"They are not trained to deal with people in a mental health crisis, and in most communities they face this problem on a daily basis," Haifi told Global News.

That, she said, was evident in 2007 at the death of Robert Dickinson at Vancouver International Airport (YVR). Tzakanski, a Polish man, was seen screaming and throwing objects at the airport before arriving at the RCMP and shocking him with Taser. He died minutes after the deployment.

In this incident, the officers who unleashed the Tasers "approached the incident as if responding to the collision with the bar and were unable to change the gears when they realized they were dealing with an apparently confused passenger," the report said.

"Their response in these situations is too often a" gun ", not because they want to shoot but mostly do not know what else to do," said Haify. "Their escalation training does not exist."

The RCMP did not respond to a request for comment on the deescalatory forces approach.

Far from criticizing Surrey's mayor for spending, Hefei praised Surrey Doug McCallum's mayor, calling him "a progressive and brave politician."

"I fully support his courage to make such a decision because the citizens of Surrey will be much better served by their own police service, which is responsible only to one master and who are trained to serve the specific needs and problems in this community," she he said.

She added that the mountain should be held only by the federal police.

If Surrey dropped into the mountain, a "domino effect" could lead to the Vancouver subway, Head said. If other communities see Surrey as a successful transition, "I think you will see others see this as a way to reform their police."

While Hayd does not see Surey pulling away from the Munteus, creating a "domino effect" far beyond the Vancouver metro, but John Dukemayzian does it.

The criminologist at the University of Windsor said that other large municipalities "could and some would probably follow".

He was not surprised to see the movement that began in West Canada.

"I think that where there is discontent with Ottawa, which is traditionally considered deaf to local problems, especially from Alberta and BC, then you will get municipalities to move away from RCMP."

But he asks how independent the power of the Surrey police will change. Of course, there will be a police council, but many officers will probably be hired by the ranks of the current force – "just a change in uniform". He added, however, that replacing the RCMP had an "earthquake in Ottawa – and that's good because the RCMP will redefine itself, protecting itself from losing more municipalities."

After all, Hayd said, Mounties have the opportunity, even in the face of such a loss. The RCPC, he said, should "redefine itself" as a federal force.

"I think it could be perceived as very positive for them, and if they were wise, they would really think so."

  • With files by Janet Brown, Emily Merz and Herman Chau

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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