As he gathered his latest data on percentages among Canadian teenagers, Waterloo University Professor David Hammond tried to find reasons not to believe his own research.
This is because the results are worrying.
According to its number, Canadian teenage rates increased significantly, similar to the dramatic increase in the US, where rates rose by 80% in one year, a trend called the "FDA epidemic."
We all want these findings not to be true.– David Hammond, University of Waterloo
"We are trying to find ways that these data are not stable, we have failed to find a reason," said Hammond, a professor of public health.
– All the signs are very worrying.
Even more alarming – cigarette smoking among teenagers seems to be rising for the first time in 30 years.
"There are also alarming findings about smoking levels and signs that progress in reducing smoking among young people may have stopped," he said, adding that more research needs to be done to confirm the results.
"We all want these findings not to be true."
First picture since Julie came to Canada
Hammond's data is the first evidence of what happened after the change of the Canadian landscape in May. Then the new federal law made it legally sell nicotine products.
The second major change happened several months later when the juggernaut Juul officially entered the Canadian market. The weak jungle extractor is designed to deliver a fast nicotine hit to the brain, just as the cigarette would do. And the teens love him.
As soon as Hammond saw the worrying tendencies of the past six months, he decided that he could not hold the data until it was published in a scientific journal from now on.
Instead, he presented his findings at a meeting of the Federal Scientific Council on Vaping's products when he met on November 19th. There were six or seven medical staff in the room.
"Part of my work as an expert is to speak with the evidence I know and understand, and we have that evidence."
He knew Health Canada would not see any new data coming out of the current Canadian study on tobacco, alcohol and drugs for another year. He wanted policymakers to realize the new and potentially worrying trend.
"If your task is to regulate change, I do not know how anyone will be worried about some of the market trends we have seen."
However, when Health Minister Ginetta Petitas Taylor was asked on Wednesday for teenage prices, she said Canadian rates did not match trends in the United States.
"The numbers coming from the countries are not the same as Canada," said Pattypas Taylor to reporters.
Referring to data gathered a year and a half ago, she said: "At this point we do not see an alarming increase, but we continue to look at the situation if something happens, we will certainly turn to it."
Health Canada officials told CBC News that the minister had not seen Hammond's research when he made those comments.
On Thursday, Hammond sent his entire report to Health Canada at the same time he submitted it for publication.
"Any new and emerging data suggesting an increase in youth paint or tobacco use will be of concern to the minister," said Sean Burgess, a Canadian health mediation officer.
Health Canada will "evaluate" the actions
"After reviewing recent data, Health Canada will assess what additional action is warranted and attract additional bodies into the Tobacco and Vampire Products Act."
But Hammond's data is not the only sign that the teenager has come to Canada.
Last week, High School in North Vancouver closed down almost all of its students' baths to stop kids at school.
In Ontario, the Durham Region Health Chamber reported that local data from Oshawa, Ont., Show that 17 percent of high school students are unemployed. "These are five students in each class of 30!" the department Shared on Twitter this week.
On November 27, Dante Kaloya risked the fury of his classmates by publishing a message from the main lines in a column published by CBC News Ottawa.
"I found many times that I went to the bathroom and I have seen very tiny children," Kaloya said. "I actually have a couple of friends who literally can not take a few minutes without having to hit their Soul or their wars."
So far, Health Canada's main method of controlling teenagers is limiting the way that products are popularized. As of November 19, there are no candy labels and ads that do not attract young people using celebrities or animal characters. Candy flavors can still be sold, they just do not advertise.
Meanwhile, Vampa fans are advertising each other on YouTube and social media by publishing videos, blowing ringing rings and performing other dazzling tricks.
All this, as health officials repeat their mantra – if you no longer smoke, do not try.
"What we do not want to see is that a new generation of people who will not be smokers become long-term vectors or worse, going into tobacco," said James Van Lun, Director General of the Tobacco Control Directorate, Health Canada.
"We really think young people should not use electronic cigarettes because of the health risks we know and possibly more important for the health risks we do not know."
Limited evidence that swallowing helps smokers to leave
The basic philosophy is based on the theory that smokers will give up cigarettes to get out and then eventually stop watching and shaking their nicotine dependence.
But there is little good evidence to do so.
"Most smokers who try to get caught do not give up and they either become dual users or return to cigarettes exclusively," said Robert Schwartz, executive director of Ontario Research Unit.
As long as smokers wait for them to pass, health officials seem ready to risk expending the entire generation of nicotine addiction.
This is because, unlike other smoking cessation products, cloudiness does not lie quietly on the shelf to nicotine gum and patches.
Instead, a powerful industry is accumulating as tobacco companies around the world bring new products and invest in successful ventures.
This week, reports that tobacco giant Altria, the parent company of Marlboro cigarette maker Philip Morris, is considering buying a piece of Juul, which dominates the billions of dollars of electronic cigarettes.
The product is nicotine.– William Dunn University in 1972
This is a product revolution that the tobacco industry has tried and failed to launch decades ago.
Stefan Rissy, a Stanford University historian, has opened papers showing how tobacco companies have launched secret research programs aimed at developing a smoke-free cigarette in the 1960s.
"It was the moment when many tobacco companies started to get closer to the idea that what they sell is not as much tobacco, but really individual doses of nicotine," Rice said, pointing to evidence from the industry's archives.
"The cigarette must be conceived not as a product but as a packaging, the product is nicotine," William Dunn wrote in a confidential note in 1972.
That same year, R.J. Reynolds CEO Claude Teague writes in a confidential planning plan: "The tobacco product is essentially a nicotine delivery tool designed to deliver nicotine in a generally acceptable and attractive form."
Now that Jowell and others have solved this problem, the tobacco industry is on the first lines, launching a new device that, when used as intended, will create dependency on nicotine in the user.