Of all cases of respiratory infections, only between 10% and 15% require antibiotics; at least 80% of these drugs are prescribed without need, said a specialist.
In a statement, José Lorenzo Garcia, medical director of the Biocode Mexico Laboratory, said that when it comes to the autumn-winter season, more and more cases of common cold, flu, bronchitis and cough are common.
"They are usually given a first-level consultation that prescribes 80% and 90% of prescriptions for antibiotics, and in most cases they are unnecessary," he said.
Lorenzo Garcia said you should be aware that antibiotics treat only diseases of bacterial origin rather than back pain or common illness of viral origin.
"You should not use antibiotics left over from previous cases, nor share them with anyone else because everyone and the treatment are different, only the doctor can decide the amount and duration," he said.
He said that before taking antibiotics, it is important to consult with the doctor and ignore these recommendations increasing the risk of someone getting an antibiotic resistant infection.
In people who take properly prescribed antibiotics, he says that not always those who remove more bacteria are the best, as many of them have beneficial activity for the body, which is compromised by the effect of the drug.
Therefore, it is recommended that all antibiotic treatments be accompanied by the use of probiotics.
"These are living microorganisms that can be found in dairy products and fortified foods, but also in tablets and capsules, which in this case contribute to the care and strengthening of intestinal microflora and immune function," he said.
But he warned that not all probiotics have the same effectiveness because of their origin. "Since they are developed by some bacteria, 75% of these products are vulnerable to the action of antibiotics," he said.
Finally, he warned that the continued use of antibiotics, abuse and abuse are conducive to the generation of controlled discomfort, such as diarrhea, of global public health problems such as antimicrobial resistance.
"That's why the responsibility for consumption is a priority today," the expert concluded.