Wednesday , June 16 2021

Cancer: In the fight against the word damn

Millions of homes, laboratories and hospitals around the world have a common goal: beat cancerFor all types. And although figures are stubborn -29.4 million patients by 2040 – discouragement is not taking place. He fights without a quarter, which is celebrated on Monday, he grabs science. Progress over the past decade has been enormous – a vaccine against human papillomas, precision medicine, CAR-T therapies, a combination of monoclonal antibodies to chest cancer chemotherapy, and improved patient quality of life. in many cases, increase the chances of winning cancer. Yes, without reducing security in prevention.

Cases of cancer continue to grow not only on national territory but also in the world. Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) assured in its annual report that this year 277,234 people will hear cancer from their doctorsThey will be primarily new cases of colorectal cancer (44,937), prostate cancer (34,394), breast cancer (32,536) and lung cancer (29,503).

There will be more than 18 million new patients in the world. In the Spanish case, the increase is due to two reasons. On the one hand, the aging population (Spain is next to Japan, the longest country in the world) and the detention policies that allowed more illnesses hitherto hiddenHowever, doctors and patient associations emphasize that much work still needs to be done on prevention. For example, six out of ten men do not go to the prostate test, according to the Spanish Cancer Association.

Men and women

This year there will be 161,064 Spaniards diagnosed with cancer. The main ones are the prostate (34,394), the colon and the rectum (26,746), the lungs (22,083) and the bladder (19,467). SEOM emphasizes reducing stomach cancerthanks to the reduction in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, dietary modifications, and a greater reduction in consumption of ethyl and tobacco.

This year, 116,170 Spanish women will have cancerMost common will be mother (32,536), colorectal (18,191), lung (7,420), uterine body (6,682). Then, the bladder, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and thyroid cancer, all with more than 4,000 cases.

Smoking is the big problem in frequency of lung cancer and the cause of this type of tumor increases. Four years ago, this cancer was fourth after the uterus, and now occupies third place in female and female calculations. An increase caused by the increase in smoking prevalence, as reported by the Spanish cancer registry. The health ministry said a few weeks ago that tobacco consumption was at pre-crisis levels. Last year, lung cancer killed 22,481 people, two out of every ten victims.

In 2018, 16 out of 100 cancer patients five years after diagnosis were breast cancer patients. These are 129,928 women wins battle against disease thanks to early diagnosis and the latest therapies. For five years, the survival rate has changed from 65% to 90%. On the other hand, lung cancer, with much higher mortality, has only 3.7%. Behind breast cancer are prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.

The cancer test does not stop. From 42 new medicines approved in Europe in 2018, says Farmaindusdtria, eleven treatments for various types of cancer, among which the first two gene therapies stand out against various rare variants of the disease, according to the latest European Medicines Agency (EMA) data. In addition, out of 84 positive opinions on new medicines issued by EMA last year, 23 were "tools" against cancer.

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