On Wednesday afternoon, the astronomer, the astrophysicist, and the Jose Jose Maze National Science Award made a major mass class at the KauPolikan Theater presents his new book called "Eclipses".
In the case that gathered more than 4,000 people, Maza explained what eclipse is, how it is produced, its characteristics and the precautions to be taken to see the phenomenon on July 2.
As contextualization, the teacher He defeated the myth that "the moon comes out at night and the sun rises during the day"As you explained, "The Moon comes out when it feels so, and the Sun provokes the day."
In this sense, he pointed out that the moon was going out every day an hour later, until it finally returned within a month. A.Yes, the Moon can be present day or night.
What are eclipses?
In his book, he explains how the eclipses of the sun and the moon are formed intermittently. This is why Maza presented him at the start.
"When the Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are on the same line, Depending on who is in the middle, there is either eclipse of the Sun or eclipse of the moon.he assured him.
On the other hand, he pointed out that if there is Earth, the Moon in the middle and the Sun later, then there is an eclipse of the Sun.
– More or less an hour an entire part of the entrance to its eclipse The eclipse itself lasts several minutes, two, three or four minutes. The longest eclipses last about 7 minutes, but they are exceptional, Mazza says.
Types of eclipse
There are three types of eclipse:
- partly: It affects many people and many people can see it.
- Total: The moon fits perfectly into the Sun.
- Cancel: Sometimes, during the month, the Moon is smaller than the Sun, and if it is to make the eclipse then it will leave a ring on the Sun because it will not be able to cover it.
According to Maza, the seasons of eclipses in each season of the year last about 30 days There may be up to 3 eclipses for one season.
He added that "eclipses will occur next year December and June, and they run every year during the months of the year.
"Never look directly at the sun"
Before the phenomenon that can be appreciated in the Kokimbo area next July 2, and this will put the eyes of the scientific world and the fans in Chile, Maza gave some precautions to viewers.
"Never watch the sun directly. We all have the lens in the lens and if we look up, the lens will burn our retina. That's right after a minute the retina will flare up but after one or two seconds the retina may have damage that can be irreparable, "he explained.
And it is recommended observe with special cardboard cups or make a hole in a cardboard to put it on the ground and evaluate the image of the sun marked on the ground.
Of course, he assured him in case there is a cluster of eclipses, "the two minutes glorify the complete eclipse in the Elki valley, you can take out the glasses and see the crown of the sun. "
On the other hand, he said there would be a lot of wind and that the temperatures would fall by about two degrees, so He recommended warmth.
Best places to see the eclipse on July 2 in Chile
While it is true that the phenomenon, which will happen in a few months, will be observed in the Kokimbo area, Professor Maza recommended to see it in La Higuera and Condoriaco, who are in the Elqui province, as this is where you can see with greater splendor.
Rabbit on the moon
While Professor Maza explains the world's largest crawler "Tycho Brahe," he showed in a fun way that you can shape the image of a rabbit on the moon and show your plate a result that provokes laughter among attendees.
"For those who want to see things without smoking anything, one can see the image of a rabbit on the moon," he said.