Wednesday , January 20 2021

Montessori Method: how to learn the creators of Amazon, Google and Wikipedia – BBC News



When a person is successful and his money counts millions, it is difficult to remain unnoticed.

Many details of his life are exposed publicly. And if someone does not know, many people try to find it by tracking their careers for I findthe keys to your success.

Maybe it's just a coincidence, but what if the detail becomes a common denominator among several successful people?

Let's look at the richest person on the planet who is currently the American Jeff Bezos with wealth estimated in US $ 140,200 million, according to Forbes.

He owns 16 percent of Amazon's e-commerce Amazon, which he founded at a 1994 Seattle garage and which has become a reputable market success.

Sergey Brin and Larry Page, On the other hand, there are two other entrepreneurs who knew how to shape their ingenuity to create an Internet search engine for excellence: Google.

They are also among the people with the most money on the planet, respectively in positions 12 and 13. The status of both add exceeds $ 96,000 million.

Sergey Brin and Larry Page
"Part of the training for non-observance of our orders and policies makes us think about what's happening in the world and think things differently," says Larry Pade, of Google, about the education she received.

Other creative and successful entrepreneurs are Jimmy Wells, Founder of Wikipedia; or Will Wright, a designer of video games and the creator of the famous SimCity.

We find another completely different sectorBeyonce, an artist who knows how to attract the public by becoming a musical star and feminist reference. She is one of the best paid women in the industry after raising 60 million dollars from the Forbes list of 2018.

And to end this review of personalities, we will also quote the late Nobel Prize for Literature – the Colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez.

Although it may not look like this, everyone agrees to something. In what?

In which, from very small, they teach in the same system: the Montessori method.

What is the Montessori method?

Baby in class at Montessori School.
Experimentation and discovery is one of the foundations of the Montessori method.

This is a learning process founded by the Italian scholar and pedagogue seaito Montessori (1870-1952), which emphasizes a collaborative environment where there are no assessments or exams.

In addition, a classroom is formed by students of different ages, who mainly move between two and a half to seven (although there are programs up to 18 years of age) where learning and discovery are individual to each student and this happens for long periods of time.

"Our primary concern is to be the education of mankind, human beings of all peoples, in order to achieve common goals," says Montessori International Association (AMI), an acronym for Italian language.

"We have to make the child a primary concern, the efforts of science must focus on it, because it is the source and the key to the mysteries of mankind ", he adds.

"What stands out in Montessori education is Individual development of people. It does not create a system that focuses on the teacher but on the development of the needs of the individual. And it's not only academic but also physical, social and emotional, "says Scott Acrid, owner of the Riverstone Montessori Academy in Georgia, the United States.

Two children on the floor play.
Joint training is one of the keys to the Montessori method.

Supporters emphasize that this is a skill-based system.

"Not only do we teach academically, but also teach entrepreneurial skills. executive functional skillswho has to pay attention to, organize, plan, start tasks and focus on them, control emotions and observe themselves, "Akyder explains to BBC World.

"And so Montessori graduates become great leaders:because all the executive functions that must be successful are taught at pre-primary and elementary schools " he adds.

Currently, it is estimated that there are 25 000 schools in Montessori all over the world, although AMI recognizes that it is very difficult to count them because the institutions are not obliged to register.

First person

When he was only 2 years old, Jeff Bezos attended the Montessori School in Albuquerque, USA, for about a year and a half.

"This is unbelievable," Jeff Bezos told the magazine Montessori Life in 2000 "What a good program was",

Maria Montessori with children on the floor.
Maria Montessori (pictured) realizes the importance of sensory stimulation and manual activities for children's development.

"Intuitively, I think it is a very formal experience that has gone into these classes in this environment and has been stimulated by a very young age," analyzes Bezos for his time at the Montessori School.

Even last September, Bezos created a $ 2 billion charity fund to help stray people and create a new network of people schools inspired by that method educational,

Google founders have also highlighted in the past the importance of basic education they have gained in order to achieve their achievements.

"We both went to Montessori School, and I think so part of thel learning not to follow orders and rules motivates us to think what is happening in the world and to think things differently"Larry Page said in an interview with the US network ABC in 2004.

Even Gabriel Garcia Marquez was still one of Montessori's former students, a fact he highlighted in his biographical narrative Vivir para contala.

"I do not think there is a better method than Montessori to feel the kids in the beauty of the world and to awaken curiosity about the secrets of life, " he writes.

"It is strange that successful entrepreneurs who have studied at Montessori speak of their initial education when asked how they have become what they are," says Akiji.

Baby with his hands colored.
Some criticize the Montessori method for its informalism compared to traditional education.

"When we talk about Montessori achievements, it's sometimes difficult, because our method is only primary, so there's a difference since people left school [hasta que comienzan a trabajar], For this, Surprisingly, these millionaire entrepreneurs mention it"he told BBC Mundo.

opinions

But not all comments are positive when it comes to the Montessori method.

Some critics believe that the atmosphere in the classroom is too free, the question of teaching Montessori or the fact that children normally Do not worry about homework.

There are also those who criticize that students have the freedom to choose what they are studying because they believe that this leads to the fact that some will not dominate in some important areas in the future.

Maria Montessori in 1949
Maria Montessori was nominated three times for the Nobel Peace Prize for her work in the field of education.

Since there are no official exams, there are people who are afraid of this lack of structure leaves the child at a disadvantage during the transition between Montessori school and traditional school, according to an article by Concordia University in Oregon, USA.

"Recent research in the field of education reflects what we do in terms of success, for example: blending school age, providing less homework, focusing on the emotional needs of the child …" Akrige said.

"All this, we did it for 100 years ", he says.

The truth is that in a 2017 study published in the magazine Boundaries in psychology, researchers estimate about 70 Montessori students at the start of pre-school age in the United States and 70 from a traditional school.

They all began their training with similar results.

Over the next three years, 70 Montessori children have achieved better results in math and literacy tests. At the end of the kindergarten, Montessori students have significantly higher scores in these areas.

However, in solving group problems, executive function and creativity there are no significant differences in both groups.

Montessori School in Amsterdam.
"Criticism has no ground just because we are different," said Scott Acrid, owner of the Riverstone Montessori Academy in Georgia, the United States.

However, another study from 2017 was published in the journal. nature stressed this there is no evidence of results in the students' class Montessori point out greater Good luck.

The research done by the Department of Psychology and Human Development at University College London, UK, analyzed the research on the education system and stressed that "there are no separate elements of the Montessori method that could explain some of the positive effects they say they findyoue "in the students.

It is clear that measuring success is very difficult. And to attribute it to early education, as well as to several successful millionaires, it is also.

"The story behind las humans the business is theirs"If they attribute it to their education in Montessori, that's also their solution," BBC Mundo assured the Montessori International Association.

"All of them are technology-inspired businessmen, and in this sense, their understandings are, of course, curious, curious and challenged by the desire to discover"they concluded.


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