Tuesday , January 19 2021

Resistance to antibiotics, one of the greatest threats to global health



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The World Health Organization (WHO) states that currently antimicrobial resistance is configured as a real problem on a planetary scale. Whether these bacteria also develop, and this selection makes these microorganisms more resistant to drugs to those who were initially vulnerable.
Therefore, it is not enough to develop new drugs because bacteria through selective pressure process will always find a way to become resistant and stop responding to the usual treatment that can lead to prolonged illnesses with a higher risk of death.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that around 700,000 people die every year around the world for that reason, and that if no action is taken, that figure will reach 10 million by 2050. "The change can not wait The epoch of antibiotics is over "was one of the latest reports of the World Sanitary Organization.
He also explained that the abuse and systemic abuse of these medicines in medicine and food production endangers all nations. There are few new antimicrobial substitutes in the R & D phase. Without harmonized and immediate measures worldwide, we are moving towards the antibiotics era where frequent infections can be lethal.
This concern of the scientific community is increasing day by day as the degree of resistance to molecules with a common antibiotic effect is very high which affects the mortality and morbidity of patients, mainly those in hospitals, who can agree to "infection , related to health care "(formerly called hospital or nosocomial).
Changing the denomination emerges from a new paradigm: due to changes in care conditions, we have found patients assisted with multiple procedures, not only in the hospital, but also in day care hospitals, geriatric hospitals and home hospitalizations.
Experts meeting at the VIII Congress of the Argentine Society of Bacteriology, Mycology and Clinical Parasitology (Sadebac) explained that the problem is not only in the hospital and the sanatorium, but also includes health centers such as daycare hospitals, geriatric hospitals and home hospitalizations.
This is a new paradigm at world level where human, animal and environmental health is interconnected and involves cross-linking microbes between the three.
"These health-related infections (IACS) are closely related to the use of medical devices that we did not have before." Medicine has advanced immensely, so now there are more patients with a compromised immune system (transplanted, oncological, etc.) They are often exposed to invasive procedures that inevitably lead to the risk of contracting infections associated with their use, "he said. Dr. Jaime Kovensky Pupko, biochemist, UBA Clinical Bacteriologist, and Sadebac's Antibiotic Subcommittee Coordinator.

Washing hands

In this area, one of the issues that are most interested in the scientific community is the low level of compliance with manual washing of health care personnel, which in our country does not exceed 30%.
"The biggest problem is not to wash the hands to transmit the bacteria horizontally," said Adriana Sukari, a biochemist, vice president of the American Microbiology Association and Sadebac's president.

Source: Infoabe


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