As the largest province in the Chinese economy, Guangdong's GDP data has received much attention. Earlier, many forecasts showed that its total GDP exceeded 9 trillion yuan in 2018. This is a very likely event.
On the morning of the 28th, Man Xingrui was opened at the second meeting of the 13th National People's Congress of Guangdong province.from
In 2018, the province's GDP reached 9.73 trillion yuan, 6.8% more than a year.from
The goal of 10 trillion is just one step.
In the 40s of reform and opening, Guangdong's GDP grew from 18.6 billion yuan in 1978 to 9.73 trillion yuan in 2018, ranking first in the country for 30 consecutive years. So what is the level of 9.73 trillion put on a global scale?
In terms of World Bank World Bank GDP in 2017, Guangdong's GDP surpasses that of developed countries such as Australia, Spain, the Netherlands and Switzerland, and is close to the current 12th position of South Korea ($ 1.53 trillion) .
Source: World Bank (Note: Guangdong is 2018, other regions are 2017)
It is worth mentioning that in the blinding "reports" of Guangdong there are data that are very dazzling: nearly 80% of GDP is concentrated in the Pearl River Delta, of which the two cities of the first order in Guangzhou and Shenzhen make up almost half.
In 2019 the main economic and social development in Guangdongfrom
Regional GDP has risen by 6% to 6.5%, surpassing 10 billion yuan.
Image source: Photographic network
According to incomplete statistics on urban evolution (micro signal: urban_evolution), 26 provinces published economic data for 2018 and 21 provinces with GDP of over one billion, of which 9 trillion Guangdong, Jiangsu), 5 trillion in 1 (Zhejiang), 4 trillion in 2 (Henan, Sichuan), 3 trillion in 6 (Hubei, Hunan, Fujian, Shanghai, Beijing, Anhui).
On Jan. 14, Jiangsu Province published its economic records for 2018: According to preliminary estimates, in 2018 Jiangsu achieved GDP of 209.54 billion yuan, 6.7% higher than the previous year at comparable prices. As a result, he became the first province in the country to announce that GDP is over 9 trillion yuan.
As Guangdong and Jiangsu Provincial Chiefs of Economy are ranked among the first two economic sectors in China for many years. The gap in GDP between the two provinces has shrunk before, but it has begun to expand over the last three years. According to the latest statistics published by the province, this difference is rethought in 2018, reaching about 470.46 billion yuan.
Looking back to 2017, Guangdong's GDP was 8.99 trillion yuan. The government's work report last year mentioned that the primary objective of China's economic and social development in 2018 is to see GDP growth of around 7%. According to latest data, Guangdong's GDP grew 6.8% yoy in 2018.
"This result is still acceptable." Phu Yu, vice president of Provincial Provincial Reconstruction Studies Association in Guangdong province, told city evolutionary theory (micro signal: urban_evolution) that Guangdong, as the country's largest foreign trade province, is affected by unpredictable factors such as the Sino-American commercial friction. GDP growth in 2018 is only 0.2 percentage points lower than expected.
For the GDP target of more than 10 trillion yuan, Guangdong is expected to achieve in 2019. This morning, Ma Xingrui pointed out in the government report that China's main goal of economic and social development in 2019 is: GDP growth of 6 % to 6.5%, and the total exceeds 10 trillion yuan.
Image source: Photographic network
In 2018, Guangdong's GDP reached 9.73 trillion yuan, but nearly 80% was concentrated in the Pearl River Delta. Among them, the first two cities of Guangzhou and Shenzhen are almost half, which is an inevitable center of economic development in Guangdong. In contrast, 12 cities to the north and west of Guangdong are only about 20%. This is similar to Jiangsu, where there is a phenomenon in the northern part of Jiangsu province, which is far less economical than in southern Jiangsu.
How to solve the regional development imbalance problem between the Pearl River Delta and Guangdong and the Northeast? "Support the construction of the coastal economic belt between East and West." Ma Xingrui suggested this
"Building two sub-central cities in Shantou and Zhangjiang to promote the viability of SAR and promote the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port."
Peng Yu has introduced that the eastern and western regions of Guangdong have great potential for growth. Although the economic growth of the region once exceeded the Pearl River delta region, it continued for a long time. Now Guangdong has to accelerate the construction of a new model of "one core, one belt and one area". East Guangdong and the western part of Guangdong have become the eastern and western wings of Guangdong's development, which is not just a support to the eastern and western regions of Guangdong.
On June 8, 2018, Li Shi, secretary of the Provincial Party Committee in Guangdong, suggested that Guangdong focus on "one core, one belt, one area" and accelerate the coordinated development of the region. The Guangdong regional development model is defined as:
Promote the development of the Pearl River Delta core, create a new pole for the growth of Yuddon and Yuexxi, and form a coastal economic belt with the Pearl River Delta cities, build up the northern part of Guangdong Mountain in an ecological development zone , guided by environmental priority and green development. , to achieve high-quality development of a high level of protection.
In fact, from the perspective of all Guangdong and Guangdong, the advantage of the location is very obvious, but compared to the Pearl River delta, it has turned into "black under the lamp."
Peng Yu analyzes that the development of the eastern part of Guangdong and the western part of Guangdong is limited, which is influenced by the siphon effect of the Pearl River delta, so it becomes a relatively backward zone. In the future, the coastal areas of eastern Guangdong and western Guangdong will have great potential for development.
In 2019, Guangdong will focus on a number of major industrial projects in eastern Guangdong and the western coastal areas of Guangdong, and will develop vigorous industries such as Lingang Chemical, offshore facilities, marine life and wind power to detect oil and gas in the South China Sea . Supporting the construction of Shantou Lingang Economic Zone, Shanwei High-tech Zone, Yangjiang Binhai New Zone, Zhanjiang East Island, Maoming Petrochemical Base, Chaozhou High-tech Zone, and Jieyang Da Nanhai Petrochemical Industrial Zone. Construction of a number of modern fishing ports and marine fishing bases. Development of coastal tourism and island tourism.
Area of Dawang
Image source: Photographic network
"Promote the provincial efforts to promote the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan, and expand its opening to a higher level." Ma Xingrui In the ten major deployments of Guangdong in 2019, the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District has become a major priority.
Under the current plan, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District consist of Guangzhou, Shenzhen and 9 other cities in the Pearl River Delta, plus Hong Kong and Macao. This means that the 9 cities in the Pearl River Delta are an important support for the construction of the Great Gulf region, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao.
At present, many cities in Guangdong province have consistently created departments related to Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District.
Zhao Ching proposed in 2019 the city's efforts to take to promote the linking of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan to the Southwest.
Huizhou said the 2019 work arrangement would distort the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan.
Peng Yu said that the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan will become an important point for growth in Guangdong's economic development, and Guangdong province will also increase its advertising.
In the past 2018, with the opening of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Highway and the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Hong Kong's Dahang hard link was greatly fortified. The "soft China Unicom" mechanism will be Guangdong's next major work.
Ma Xingrui pointed out that Guangdong should promote the Hong Kong and Macao rules on legal services, finance, medical care and construction and increase the level of market integration. Promote the creation of the International Commercial Bank of Dawan County, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao. We will continue to promote cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao to lead schools and co-operate in the treatment and to do a good job in building up youth innovations and entrepreneurial bases in Hong Kong and Macao. Planning to build a tourist route for cultural heritage in Dawan County. Promoting people flow, logistics, capital flows and information flow in the bay area in a convenient and orderly manner and creating a quality living environment that is suitable for living and working in Hong Kong and Macao, providing more convenient conditions for residents Hong Kong and Macao to study, work, start a business and live in Guangdong.
"This will be a bigger perspective this year (2019)," said Peng Yu Ma Xingrui asked the province of Guangdong province in 2019 to focus on the interconnection of rules, to speed up the preparation of the special plan build a Dawan area and work with Hong Kong and Macao to build a world-class Bay Area and create high-quality development in the country. An important source of energy.
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