JIA is an autoimmune disease that begins before patients reach the age of 16 and, in order to be considered chronic arthritis, the symptoms should last for at least 6 weeks. This disease causes chronic joint inflammation in the long run, pain, joint stiffness that can cause serious complications such as growth disorders, eye inflammation, malformations and disabilities without early diagnosis and treatment.
"Taking into account the impact of JIA on the quality of life of patients and the challenges that exist for the diagnosis of patients, we invite parents in the Caribbean to contact the free hotline 018000912035 where we will schedule an appointment with one of our pediatric rheumatologists, to participate in the screening of children with bone and jointed pains.It is important to emphasize that the telephone line is now available to the public and that quotas are limited, "explains Dr. Pilar Guarnizo, a rheumatologist for children. Hotline hours are from Sunday to Sunday from 8am to 5pm.
Small idiopathic arthritis can be difficult to diagnose. Pain, swelling of the joints and difficulty in movement are symptoms that may indicate that you have the disease that is diagnosed depending on medical history, physical findings and the exclusion of other pathologies. However, doctors recommend that parents be warned of any of the following:
Although your child may not complain about joint pain, you may notice that he is slipping when he or she gets up in the morning or after a nap.
It often happens that the joints swell, but they are often seen first in larger joints, such as the knee.
You may notice that your child seems more cumbersome than usual, especially in the morning or after the sore throat.
Some specialists agree that there is currently a delay in diagnosis of up to two years when children have to arrive within two to three months of consultation. This is due to the great ignorance of pathology in the medical world and the population as a whole, which often confuses its symptoms with other illnesses, as well as the beliefs that arthritis is an exceptional disease of the elderly among other social myths.
Although juvenile idiopathic arthritis occurs when the body's immune system attacks its own cells and tissues, it is still unknown why this happens, but both heredity and the environment can affect the development of this pathology. It is believed that 1 out of every 1,000 children suffer from JIA.