Do you makeHow do I know if I am infected with human papilloma?? Before answering this question, we must clarify that Human papillomavirus o HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI).
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Human papillomavirus It is a virus other than HIV and HSV. HPV is so common that almost all men and all sexually active women get it at some point in their lives.
There are many different types of HPV. Some types can cause health problems such as genital warts and cancer. But there is a vaccine that can prevent these health problems.
How is HPV transmitted?
You can get HPV through oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who has the virus. It is most commonly transmitted during vaginal or anal sex. HPV can be transmitted even when the infected person has no signs or symptoms.
Any sexually active person can get HPV, even if they only have sex with one person. You may also have symptoms after having sex with an infected person, which makes it difficult to know when you first become infected.
How do I know if I am infected with human papilloma?
There is no test to determine whether or not a person has this Human papillomavirusThere is also no approved HPV test to determine if HPV is present in the mouth or throat. There are HPV tests that can be used to detect cervical cancer.
These tests are only recommended for screening in women 30 years of age or older. They are not recommended for detection in men, adolescents or women under 30 years of age.
Most people with HPV are unaware that they are infected and never have symptoms or health problems with the virus. Some people find that they have HPV when they have genital warts.
Women may find that they have HPV when they get an abnormal Pap test result (when they have a cervical cancer screening test). Others can only understand after they have more serious problems with HPV like cancer.
Things you need to know about the human papilloma
It affects more than 80% of sexually active men and women over a certain period of their lives
HPV infections are so common that they are almost proof that a person is or has been sexually active.
They affect more than 80% of sexually active people within a certain period of their lives, according to estimates from the British Public Health Service, the NHS and the American Sexual Health Association.
In the United States, it is the most common sexually transmitted disease and, according to a national study just published in the specialist journal JAMA Oncology, nearly half of the 2,000 participating men had it.
High-risk HPV varieties can eventually cause 6 different cancers
- cervical or cervical HPV-related cancer in 99% of cases (NHS data)
- anal cancer associated with HPV in 84% of cases
- HPV-related penile cancer in 47% of cases
- vulvar cancer
- vaginal cancer
- cancer of the mouth and throat
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- Captioning images High-risk HPV varieties include types 16 and 18, which are thought to cause more than 70% of cases of cervical cancer.
There are more than 100 types of HPV, of which about thirty affect the genital area. High-risk HPV varieties include types 16 and 18, which are estimated to cause more than 70% of cervical cancers.
Long-term infection, especially when caused by some types of high-risk HPV, can cause cancer over the years.
According to a US national study published in JAMA Oncology, 1 in 4 men have a potentially carcinogenic strain.
It is not easy to detect because there are usually no symptoms
Caption Some strains of the virus considered less dangerous appear to be symptoms like genital warts.
In women, this can be detected by sampling cells from the cervix using a Pap test or vaginal cytology.
The specific HPV test can identify in this sample one or more of the most risky variants of the virus, those related to cancer, by detecting its DNA.
Sometimes a viral test is done after "abnormal cells" appear on the cervix after routine cytology.
In the case of men, according to the NHS, "there is currently no reliable test for HPV detection and it is often very difficult to diagnose because the strains at highest risk of the virus give no symptoms."
If a person is at high risk of getting anal HPV infection or developing cancer, anal cytology can be done.
On the other hand, some strains of the virus, considered less dangerous, produce warts that can be seen or felt in or around the genitals, in both men and women.
The infection is untreated, but its effects can be treated if detected
Caption Image Some cancers related to Human papillomavirussuch as the mouth and throat and penis usually do not give any symptoms at an early stage.
There is no cure that can get rid of the human papillomavirus as such, but what can be treated are its effects.
Most infections do not cause serious damage and disappear on their own "within two years".
If there are genital warts, they can be treated with creams, lotions or chemicals. They can also be removed or their tissues destroyed by freezing or burning.
In the case of women, persistent high-risk HPV infection can cause changes in the cervical cells, which increases the risk of cervical cancer, also known as cervical cancer.
The presence of cells considered "abnormal" in the cervix can be treated if detected in time, so experts recommend that women have regular cytology as a prevention. 99% of cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV, according to the NHS.
Other HPV-related cancers usually do not show any early-stage symptoms, such as mouth and throat and penis cancer.
You can now get vaccinated against human papilloma if you are over 26 years old. More information