Saturday , June 25 2022

How To Protect From Pneumonia? | CROMOS


Signs and moderate symptoms are usually similar to those of a cold or flu, but last longer. Be vigilant!

Pneumonia is an infection that fires the air bags of one or both lungs. The air pockets can be filled with liquid or pus, causing cough with sputum, fever, cold chills and shortness of breath. Various micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi can cause pneumonia.

This condition may vary from mild to life-threatening. It is more serious in infants and young children, in people over 65, or in those with health problems and weakened immune systems.


Symptoms of pneumonia vary depending on the type of microbe that caused the infection, age and general health of the affected person. Signs and moderate symptoms are usually similar to those of a cold or flu, but last longer.

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include the following:

Breast pain when breathing or coughing
• disorientation or changes in mental perception (in adults over 65)
• A cough that can produce sputum
• Fatigue
• Fever, sweat and trembling with tremor
• Body temperature lower than normal (in adults over 65 and people with weak immune system)
• Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
• Difficulty breathing

Newborns and babies may not show signs of infection, but they may also vomit, have fevers and cough, restless, tired and without energy, or have difficulty in breathing and eating.


There are several germs that can cause pneumonia. The most common are the bacteria and viruses that are in the air we breathe. In general, the body prevents these microbes from infecting the lungs, but sometimes they are more powerful than the immune system, even when general health is good.

Pneumonia is classified according to the type of germ that causes it and the place where the infection is infected, the most common being:

Pneumonia acquired in the community

Acquired community pneumonia is the most common type. This happens outside of hospitals and other medical centers. The reason may be due to the following factors:

1. Bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the United States. This type may occur on its own or after you have had a cold or a flu. It can affect a part of the lung (lob) and is known as segmental pneumonia.

2. Mushrooms This type of pneumonia is more common in people with chronic health problems or weakened immune system, usually occurs in those who have inhaled large doses of these organisms. Mushrooms that cause it are found in the soil or in the stools of the birds and may vary depending on the geographical location.

3. Virus. Some of the viruses that cause colds and flu can cause pneumonia. Viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children under 5 years of age. Viral pneumonia is usually mild. Sometimes, however, it can be very serious.

Pneumonia received at the hospital

Some people get pneumonia during their hospital stay due to other illnesses. Pneumonia acquired in the hospital can be serious because the bacteria that cause it can be more resistant to antibiotics, as people who infect it are already sick. People on respirators, often used in intensive care units, have a higher risk of getting this type of pneumonia.

Pneumonia through aspiration

Aspiration pneumonia occurs when food, drink, vomiting, or saliva are inhaled in the lungs. Aspiration is more likely to occur when something changes the reflex of nausea, such as brain damage, difficulty swallowing, or excessive alcohol and drug consumption.

To prevent pneumonia, keep in mind the following recommendations:

• Vaccine. There are vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia and influenza. Talk to your doctor about these and other vaccines. Vaccination guidelines have changed over time; so be sure to check the current status of the vaccines, even if you do not forget that you were previously vaccinated.

• Ensure that children are vaccinated. Doctors recommend a different vaccine against pneumonia for children under 2 years of age and for children aged 2 to 5 years who are particularly prone to pneumococcal disease. Children attending kindergartens should also receive the vaccine. Similarly, doctors recommend influenza vaccines for all children over 6 months of age.

• Exercise good hygiene. To protect yourself from respiratory infections that sometimes lead to pneumonia, regularly wash your hands or use an alcoholic hand disinfectant.

• Do not smoke. Smoking damages the natural defenses that protect the lungs from respiratory infections, leaving you more exposed to viruses and bacteria that cause pneumonia.

• Keep the immune system strong. Get enough sleep, exercise regularly, and eat healthily, so your body will be protected in the event of a virus.

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