Every tenth patient with a disorder of dietary intake will succumb. The vast majority of patients are young women and the proportion of youngest patients aged between 10 and 14 is growing. This is why experts are working to prevent children from primary schools. The press release was reported by the First Medical Faculty of the Charles University in Prague, which organizes a discussion meeting of the media on this topic.
Approximately 450 people were hospitalized for these conditions, and outpatients were treated with 3700. "Patients die on average at 25. Mortality is double that of other psychiatric diagnoses and ten times higher than the general population "The risk of suicide is up to 200 times higher," explains Hanna Papezhova of the Psychiatric Clinic of the First Medical Faculty of Charles University and the General University Hospital in Prague.
The median duration of the disease is six years, one third of patients have a chronic course of twenty-thirty years of premature death. Only in the early days patients' palliative care has consistently rejected treatment and food. Legislative restraint is still awaiting the unintended treatment of patients at risk of living.
Less than a quarter of people treated for disorders of food in hospitals are patients aged between 10 and 14 years. Another 39 percent are between 15 and 19 years of age. Young patients may also cause the greatest damage, according to experts. "The changes that the disease affects in the developing baby's body at the beginning of adolescence can be irreversible, the internal female organs develop in adolescence, they do not develop in adulthood, so treatment needs to start in time," said Livusheva Starova from the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Palenque and the University Hospital in Olomouc.
"Dietary disorders have a number of different causes and manifestations, but there is general discontent with each other, a greater degree of dependence on others' opinion about us and the effort to succeed in something," explained psychologist Jan Kulhánek from Anděl's ambulance in Prague.
Prevention specialists are targeted at primary school children. Many students do not know what their optimal weight is, and especially girls are struggling to increase weight in terms of height and age. In older children, children consider dieting to be obvious and do not know adequate eating habits, often even helping with vomiting or smoking.
Disorders of food intake include food rejection or mental anorexia, overeating, bulimia and other illnesses. Mental anorexia occurs in about 1.5% of all girls and young women, more common in middle and upper social classes. Bulimia is more common among high school and college students, with about four to 15 percent of girls.