Due to infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, about 500 people die annually, according to experts. According to a study of pharmacies, one to half of antibiotics doctors in hospitals are poorly prescribed, some of them abusive. The information was provided at a press conference of the European Week of Antibiotics. Czechs consume about 15 million antibiotic packages per year.
"Data from the State Institute for Drug Control show that physicians often choose broad-spectrum antibiotics, patients are unnecessarily exposed to side effects and bacterial resistance to antibiotics increases," said Michal Prokeš, a member of the Central Antibiotic Coordination Group. According to experts, doctors, unlike some other countries, have no feedback if they prescribe antibiotics properly.
A major problem is the antibiotic resistance of bacteria for treatment in hospitals. According to the head of the National Reference Laboratory for Antibiotics Helena Žemličková, up to three quarters of the bacteria in the healthcare establishments are sustainable. Over the past ten years, the number of these infections has increased almost twice. According to Prokš estimates, 486 people died in the Czech Republic in 2015 due to these infections.
According to Michal Trojanek of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Institute for Postgraduate Health Education, 20-50% of antibiotics in hospitals are currently poorly prescribed. "The main problem is that doctors do not treat antibiotics as important medicines," he said. It differs according to its effect on living microorganisms, which are extremely dynamic. If antibiotics destroy only certain bacteria, only those with resistant genes will continue to spread.
According to a study by the Czech Pharmaceutical Chamber, which is being presented for the ninth week of the European Week of Antibiotics, more than 11% of adults do not take antibiotics for the prescribed period and almost every tenth keep unused antibiotics for potential needs. One fifth of parents believe that antibiotics in children accelerate cold recovery, and almost a quarter thinks the doctor's treatment is insufficient if they do not prescribe cold medicines, but recommends only schemes.