COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Progressive and Slow Respiratory Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, also known as COPD, kills between 15,000 and 17,000 people every year in France.
This chronic bronchitis is caused by inhaled toxic substances, the most important of which is tobacco.
Symptoms gradually appear, as this is a slow and progressive disease. Cough, sputum, shortness of breath and especially difficulty in breathing. In the end, it is difficult to even climb stairs because the quality of the bronchi decreases and the gas exchange between oxygen and carbon dioxide is no longer. Gradually, the alveoli where these exchanges are carried out are completely destroyed. Because of this mass destruction, the patient can not breathe.
This is irreversible even if there is a cure for delaying the process. The first thing you need to do is stop smoking. We have treatments that vasodilate the bronchi and allow us to pass a little more oxygen.
It is monitored by functional breathing tests, inserted into tubes to measure breathing capacity.
There may be superinfections for which corticosteroids need to be used quite widely, as well as antibiotics.
Unfortunately, this is a disease that often leads to oxygen therapy, which can be accurate or permanent thanks to the portable oxygen bottles.