Friday , March 31 2023

Take away your breath


Rain during the monsoons will certainly bring relief from the fire, but it also carries many diseases such as cold and cough and severe respiratory infections. Viral and bacterial infections, especially of the respiratory tract and diseases, due to the sudden drop in temperature, can begin as ordinary tonsillitis, cold and dry cough, but they can even gradually spread to the rest of the body.

Looking at the symptoms in more detail, Dr. M. Navredder, a chest physician and assistant professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Osmana Medical College, answers our questions about these diseases and especially warns patients with pre-existing respiratory disease such as asthma who are prone to worsening of symptoms during monsoons.

What are the symptoms of respiratory disturbances during monsoon?

Influenza or cold and pneumonia are common in monsoons. These diseases caused by bacteria or viruses may have symptoms or develop gradually over several days or progress rapidly. The main symptom of respiratory disease is coughing. There will probably be at least one of these symptoms – mucus coughing, fever, sweating and flickering, difficulty breathing or faster breathing than normal, chest pain or discomfort and loss of appetite. Symptoms are often very similar to those of other chest infections, such as bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthmatic inflammation or bronchiectasis attacks. To get the right diagnosis, you should visit a doctor.

What are the treatments?

Pneumonia can be serious, so it is important to heal quickly. The main cure for pneumonia is antibiotics, along with resting and drinking plenty of water. If you have chest pain, you can take painkillers like paracetamol.

What are the main reasons for the disease?

Wetting in the rain leads to an allergy that leads to the usual irritation and cold, which, if overlooked, can flow to the lungs and cause sputum leading to coughing. Bacteria and viruses thrive in such a state, aggravating the situation. In addition, chest colds can cause wheezing in susceptible individuals, which can lead to asthma. Infection is one of the main causes of asthma, especially in children. The yellow color of the sputum suggests a strong infection and needs immediate attention.

Tips for reducing the risk of contracting and spreading infections:

  • Cover your mouth and nose with tissue when coughing or sneezing and encourage other people around you to do the same.
  • Cough in your elbow or in the curve of your hand to reduce the spread of germs.
  • Discard used fabrics as soon as you can.
  • Wash your hands regularly or use a disinfectant hand gel if you are outdoors.
  • Avoid situations where you may get cold or get flu.
  • If you can, avoid contact with people who have symptoms of cold.

The mandatory checklist before leaving this time:

  • Check the time before leaving. If it is too cold or too cool for you, or you are not feeling too well or having breathing problems, stay indoors and stay warm.
  • If you have a relief inhaler, try using it for half an hour before going out. Bring the medication to relieve it, as cold air can tighten the airway, making breathing difficult.
  • Try to breathe through your nose instead of your mouth as this will help warm the air you breathe.
  • Protect your lungs and the airways by wearing a hood or scarf that covers your mouth. It is better to use a smooth, non-scratched material.

Precautions and precautions:

  • Keep your home warm.
  • Try to get rid of moisture in your home. Wear warm clothes. Keep the bedroom window closed at night. Cold breathing may increase the risk of respiratory infections. You have lots of hot drinks and at least one hot meal a day if you can. Regular feeding helps maintain energy levels.
  • Stay active.
  • This season leads to an increased risk of complications such as chest infections, heart attacks and stroke. So try to stay active to generate body heat. Get up, move and try to do some exercise. You will feel better. When indoors, try not to stay in place for more than an hour or more. Presiding exercises are a good way to keep you warm and active. Take care of the respiratory tract and the lungs.

Advice for the elderly:

Given that the immunity of the elderly may not be very good at their age, Dr. Narrender warns them to stay away from infections and possible sources of infection. Cold and flu spread very easily. It is very easy for children and grandchildren to carry their infections. So if your grandchildren are cold, it is best to take them out of the window. Get one-time vaccination against pneumonia. If you have not already had it; Ask for a stroke with pneumonia. The stroke is recommended if you have a long-term lung condition such as COPD, asthma, bronchiectasis or pulmonary fibrosis, "says the doctor.

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