Updated: August 11, 2019 11:14 AM IST
<! – 8 min ago
Washington. [USA]August 11 (ANI): Previous research shows that many children worldwide die from various types of injuries. However, a new study shows that if one factor contributing to unintentional injuries is controlled, an increase in infant death can be prevented.
The results of the study were presented at the meeting of the "Convention of the American Psychological Association 2019".
"Many different factors contribute to unintentional injuries, so if we can only stop one of these risk factors, then the injury can be prevented," said David K. Schwabel, Ph.D., University of Alabama at Birmingham.
According to the Global Burden of Disease project, more than 2 million children under the age of 19 have died as a result of injuries in 2017.
While these numbers represent all injuries, the presentation focuses only on involuntary injuries (ie accidents), not intentional injuries such as suicide, murder and abuse.
Schwabel outlined a model for reducing accidental injuries in children. The model classifies risk factors into three categories: environmental factors, childcare and childcare.
Schwebel said that preventing only one risk factor can stop the injury from occurring.
Environmental factors can include many different aspects of the environment with which children interact. For example, children could choke on toys if they were not designed well or were injured in a car accident.
Caregiver factors may include anyone watching the child, including parents, teachers, babysitters, or even lifeguards. Schwabel said pre-school teachers can often be underpaid and tired of the intense work of supervising children throughout the day and sometimes use outdoor play time as a break for themselves, allowing children to run for free, though The majority of injuries in pre-school schools occur on playgrounds.
"To address this, we have developed a Seal in Safety program where children carry names and teachers have seals to reward children with their names to participate in safe behavior," he said.
Factors based on children include motor skills, how children perceive their environment and how they interact with others. These skills vary greatly depending on age, so different approaches are needed to address the risks.
For example, 7-year-olds struggle more with cognitive requirements to cross the street than 14-year-olds. Interventions for child-based factors may include reinforcing common parenting practices.
So if any of these factors are controlled or stopped, it can save many lives. (ANI)