Saturday , September 18 2021

The NHS scanner and lack of radiologists contribute to thousands of heart attack deaths that can be avoided, experts warn

The disadvantages of modern CT scanners and trained radiologists contribute to thousands of deaths because patients with chest pain cannot get recommended examinations, experts warn.

At least 56,289 patients with angina were denied access to CT scans last year although NHS guidelines say it should be offered to all patients with stable chest pain, according to data from the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR).

The waiting list for this test stretches up to 26 weeks in some parts of the UK and RCR estimates the number of missed scans that actually last year could cause 132,000 patients with symptoms of angina.

Initial scanning can save lives. A major medical trial at the beginning of 2018 found nearly half of deaths and severe heart attacks over the next five years – from 3.9 percent to 2.3 percent.

"That is a significant reduction of a large number of people and, in theory, will save thousands of heart attacks and deaths every year if we have adequate staff and equipment," Dr. Andrew Beale, medical director of RCR said Independent.

With modern equipment, doctors can prioritize patients who need treatment and monitoring and those who need surgical intervention to overcome arterial narrowing. But negative results also have significant benefits.

"With this test I can effectively say & # 39; go home you don't have heart problems & # 39 ;," added Dr. Beale. "It is very big for their mental health, that means there is no hospital and the doctor is following up, and you can stop the treatment if you can say that you will not have a heart attack in the next five years."

Angina, which is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart, is usually not life-threatening but can be a warning sign of heart disease and an increased risk of serious cardiovascular problems.

Since 2016, the Best Institute of Health and Care (Nice), which recommends treatment for the British NHS, says all patients with angina-like symptoms should be offered computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA).

However, Britain is currently tied to Hungary for CT scanner numbers, with only nine per 100,000 people, and far less than Germany – which has 35 per 100,000 – leading to the bottle neck in the test.

Added to this, Dr. Beale said, "only about half" of CT scanners are modern enough to provide an assessment recommended by Nice who can prioritize patients for surgery. There is also the problem of who will interpret this scan when Britain has the lowest number of radiologists per head of the population of any country in Europe, a fact that "Brexit has not helped".

Wales is the region with the largest gap, with 4,854 angina patients who lost their scans, 78 percent of the minimum estimated by RCR, followed by Scotland (73 percent) and Northern Ireland (58 percent).

While the UK is the best player, it is the only country where Nice's recommendations are explicitly applicable, and RCR estimates that 69,865 people were missed on CTCA scans – 37 percent of the total cases of angina.

This is contrary to the repeated budget cuts in government training and raids on the NHS capital budget, which are intended for maintenance and equipment, to finance the construction of everyday cash-strapped hospitals.

Independent it was revealed in October that trust had £ 3 billion, and rose, collateral savings in the most urgent repairs and equipment upgrades that were considered to pose a significant risk to patients.

"It's beyond frustration that we don't have the capacity to provide what should be a routine front-line test for all those who experience chest pain," said Dr. Giles Roditi, president of the British Society of Cardiovascular Imaging, who collected the numbers along with RCR.

"In contrast, in many hospitals it is easier for a runner with clever knees to get magnetic resonance scanning than for a patient on the verge of a heart attack to get CTCA.

"Deadly cases of heart disease have been missed because we were unable to send these scans correctly throughout the UK."

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Calls to address the lack of provision of CTCA are supported by the British Heart Foundation and charity medical director Professor Sir Nilesh Samani said: "It is worrying that there is no better access to CT scans in the UK, leaving some patients with heart disease without a life-saving diagnosis.

"Research supported by BHF has shown that when patients with angina symptoms have a CT scan as part of their assessment, they tend to continue to have a heart attack or die."

A spokesman for the Department of Health and Social Care said: "We want patients to receive world-class care in world-class facilities and to ensure the NHS recruits and trains the talented staff needed. We have announced £ 3.9 billion in new capital investments, and our historic long-term plan for the NHS, supported by an additional £ 20.5 billion a year by 2023/24, will put our health services on a long-term sustainable footing.

"The number of clinical radiologists in the UK has risen 29 percent since 2010 but we want to see numbers continue to increase. That is why over the next three years we allow more doctors to specialize in clinical radiology. "

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