Friday , January 22 2021

Rare color frames from the 1930s shed new light on the holy city



Rare footage from the 1930s shows Jerusalem, as it has never been seen before, from the lens of the Margulies family, who relaxed in the city and took with them a 16mm camera and a recently acquired color film.

Rare documentation includes footage from the alleys of the Old City, the Jewish University of Mount Scopus, and most of all, the Western Wall, long before the modern site existed, when only a narrow path separated it from the Moroccan quarter, which was destroyed after the conquest of East Jerusalem in The Six Day War of 1967

 The Western Wall, long before today's square even existed (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

The west wall, long before today's site even existed (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Rare documentation includes footage of alleys in the Old City, the Jewish University of Mount Scopus, and most of all, the Western Wall, long before the existence of the site of modern times, when only a narrow path separates it from the Moroccan neighborhood, which was destroyed after the 1967 seizure. East Jerusalem.

רדיט: אוסף משפחתי אלכסנדר מרגוליס וסינמטק ירושלים – ארכיון ישראלי לסרטים

The high quality material has been uploaded to the Jerusalem Cinema Archive, which digitizes it and makes it available to the public.

 Diskin Children's Orphanage, Givat Shaul (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Disk Orphanage, Givat Shaul (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Photographs show Jewish Haredi of Old Ishuv, Muslims wearing traditional clothes, women in elaborate hats, camels, donkeys and beggars in the corners of the street.

 The Russian Union (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

The Russian compound (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

The few cars on the streets belong to people who have served in administrative positions.

"The Western Wall has always had beggars," says Rabbi Israel Helis, a 10th-generation Jerusalemite and well-known storyteller.

 Jafa Gate (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Jaffa Gate (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

 Outside the Gate of Jaffa (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Outside the gate of Jaffa (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

"The Book of Proverbs says that" righteousness is delivered from death, "and indeed mercy was an essential part of prayer. People prayed for Jews who lived in the Diaspora and were sick or poor, they would receive letters and immediately go and pray. When they finished praying, they gave beggars from the charity on the Western Wall, "Helis says.

 Inside the Yafa Gate (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Inside the gate of Jaffa (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

According to Gailis, Jews were the majority of residents in the capital at the beginning of the 20th century.

"There were 31,100 Jews, 14,700 Christians and only 13,400 Muslims in the 1922 British census in Jerusalem. In 1931, there were 53,800 Jews, 19,300 Christians and 19,900 Muslims, and not even included the new Jewish neighborhoods outside the Old City walls, "he says.

 Mamila Cemetery (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Mamilla Cemetery (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

 Jafa Street Riding (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Riding on Yafa Street (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

"In the footage, you can see Ashkenazi Jews wearing Jerusalem-style hats with round wheels and kaftan," Helis says.

"To find out why Ashkenazi Jews wore Sephardic clothing, we have to go back to 1700, the year that Rabbi Judah bin Samuel of Regensburg arrived in the city. He disappeared shortly afterwards, at 41, but still managed to buy land in the Old Town to build the Ashkenazi synagogue, "Gaylis says.

"When he died, he left behind a huge debt to Arab builders, and then Ashkenazi Jews were not allowed to live in Jerusalem for more than 100 years.

 Barclays Bank, today's mayoralty (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Barclays Bank, today's mayoralty (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

"In the early 19th century, several Ashkenazi students from the Vilna Gon
they came to live in Jerusalem and not to be recognized, they wore clothes like the Sephardic Jews.

 Yafa Street (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Yafa Street (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

"It was not until 1836 that Rabbi Abraham Shlomo Zalman Zoref managed to settle the debt, and then the Ashkenazi Jews were again allowed to live in Jerusalem," Gaylis says.

 Walk to the West Wall (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

Walking to the Western Wall (Photo: Jerusalem Cinema Archive)

The digitization of archival footage at the Jerusalem movie theater began three years ago and is set to end another year, finally allowing the public to delve deeper into the thousands of forgotten footage of the city's history.

Tamar Hayardeni helped prepare this article


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