Measuring the degree of civilization and progress of countries with a long history, so that civilized countries do not continue to make efforts to preserve archeological sites, and the UNESCO administration continues to add a list of heritage sites.
The following is a list of sites of Arab heritage at risk in different Arab countries:
The region of Abumina, located in the Alexandria district, is called the name of the Bedouin (Abu Mina) region, which was once the small village where St. Mena's tomb is located, and the area until the early Middle Ages, the most important Christian center for pilgrimage to Egypt, this site was discovered in 1905. By the German archaeologist (Kaufmann) in 1979, the UNESCO Committee decided to include this site in the (World Heritage List) and has been included in the list of sites of risk since 2001.
Or the Kingdom of Arabia is one of the oldest Arab kingdoms in Iraq on the island of Euphrates. Metal and statues also struck Greek and Roman style coins and amassed great wealth as a result of their economic prosperity.
This is the city that became the capital of the ancient Assyrian kingdom, its old name (Pal Tell), and formed, along with Nineveh and Erbil, the nucleus of the successive Assyrian monarchy.
The historic Iraqi city, located on the east bank of the Tiger River in Salah al-Din province, is considered one of the most important holy cities among Shiites in Iraq because of the sanctuary of the two imams Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari.
Shibam City and its Wall:
It is an archeological city and the center of Shibam district in Hadramut province in eastern Yemen. The city, surrounded by the 16th century, is one of the oldest and best examples of a meticulous urban organization based on the principle of vertical construction, which UNESCO added to the list of risk sites in 2015.
This means the enclosed city and had seven gates, of which only the gate of Yemen, one of those ancient cities, continuously inhabited since at least the fifth century BC, became the temporary capital of Sheba's kingdom in the first century AD. Chr.
It is a Yemeni city that is a place of exceptional archaeological and historical importance, thanks to its local and military architecture and urban development. In addition to being the capital of Yemen from the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries, in 2000, UNESCO listed Zabid as the historic capital of the World Heritage Site due to development threats.
After the Syrian state was threatened by terrorist groups, the old city of Damascus, the old city of Basra, the Palmyra area, the old city of Aleppo, the cavalry of knights and Salah al-Din castle, the old villages in northern Syria were included in the list of endangered cultural sites. inheritance.
The Old City of Jerusalem and Its Walls: It is the center of the city of Jerusalem, surrounded by the magnificent wall of Suleiman. On the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981 and endangered since 1982.
Church of the Nativity:
The Church of the Nativity was born in Bethlehem south of the West Bank. It was built by Emperor Constantine in 335. The Church of the Nativity was included in the World Heritage List in 2012, the first Palestinian site on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The sites are at risk and restoration work has begun to be out of the list this year, with restoration complete.
Batir is a Palestinian rural town in the western rural villages of Bethlehem province, characterized by its nature and traditional vegetable orchards, also known for its eggplants. In rural land.
Hebron's Old Town:
This is the historic part of Hebron in the southwestern coast of Palestine. The construction of most of its buildings dates back to the Mamluk period, beginning in the XI century. The Old Town is listed on the World Heritage List as a region known for its universal value and unique architecture in 2017.
After the Libyan state was threatened by terrorist groups, the following sites were identified: the archeological site in Lepda, the Sabrat site, the Shahat site, the Akad Tadarat rock site and the ancient city of Gadames.