Tuesday , August 3 2021

Study LRT. The Registration Center has donated Lithuanian cellular signatures to estamins – Scandinavian banks were thrown back | Business



At the State Enterprise Registration Center, which has recently focused on efforts to "close" the provision of unpaid data to the media, there are also more strange things.

At the beginning of this summer, the Center of Register lost about 70 percent. he will provide certificates for cellular signatures for users – more than 200 thousand. customer. They were "thrown" by a telecommunications company, which decided not to use the Registration Center service, but from an SK solution for an Estonian company ID. Esta, as the operators say, has offered safer certificates and more reliable solutions.

However, this change was accompanied by a series of strange overlapping questions which raised the question of whether the Estonian company did not find a reliable assistant in Lithuania, which provided an opportunity to become entrenched in this very active market.

The change was accompanied by a series of strange overlaps which raised the question whether the Estonian company did not find a reliable assistant in Lithuania.

As soon as cellular electronic signatures in Lithuania must be in great demand. The major commercial banks in the country have announced that, starting next fall, e-banking customers will no longer be able to use code cards because of security requirements. They have to choose other forms of connection, and most recently they are called cellular signatures, which only require the purchase of a special SIM card – there is no special code scanner or program installed on the computer.

Go shadow, then give a recommendation

Two state-owned centers that provide certification services for eligible electronic signatures – the Registration Center and then the Population Register Service under the Ministry of Internal Affairs – were established in 2008. Certificates since 2005 also provide private companies Digital Certification Centers.

However, the Certificate for Cellular Signatures, which the Communication Regulatory Authority oversees this market as the fastest growing service, is provided only by the Registration Center Certification Center. The four cellular telephone operators, Teledema, Tele2, Bitė Lietuva and Telia Lietuva, distributed their certificates with a SIM card.

After 2016 In the fall of parliamentary elections following changes in Lithuanian authorities, the situation began to change also in the state-controlled Registrar's Center. Already in 2017 there is talk of a blurry scheme that can act at this institution. At the end of this year, the media reported on possible links between the founder of the EmeSolution provider founder Darius Grigalius, head of the Center of Center of Registers Certification Center, Mindaugas Žaliukas and the company's EmeSolution supplier.

The LRT Investigation Division managed to get a secret audio recording, which showed how Saulius Urbanavičius, former director of the Center Register, who had previously been in the Special Investigation Service, was trying to persuade M. Zaliukas to leave. The certificate center manager offers compensation for stand-by for six months and explains who will wait if he doesn't.

"We have to ask. Then you will send your information. Then we will look for answers to your other questions. Then, still, see, then, as they say, we will add something else to get this answer. Then it will still there are some solutions on our part, so you will not agree with them, then we will go to court ", S. Urbanavičius teaches employees.

The LRT Investigation Department, the new Head of the Registration Center, assured M. Zaliukas, "not pressing".

"I think this conversation is completely normal, and there is absolutely no pressure there, and you can run the whole conversation publicly." In that sense, that is completely normal, "he said.

S.Urbanavicius also admitted that he had signed a recommendation with the agreement to leave M. Zaliukas.

"The recommendation was an agreement between the parties, as I mentioned. He was like saying neutral, the facts about how he worked at the Register Center, so I might not really remember that there was no penalty. There was a reason to go somewhere for law enforcement, really, or do some other action, insofar as we have data, nothing ", – said S.Urbanavicius.

Sigismund Gedvilla / photo 15min / Saulius Urbanavičius

Sigismund Gedvilla / photo 15min / Saulius Urbanavičius

Mr Zaliukas himself was convinced that firing him from his position would most likely lead to the possibility that the cellular signing certification service would no longer be available at the Registration Center.

"This gives the impression that this is what they want to do. That once a former leader of the Registration Center in this area will be a poor player, and maybe later his activities will be abandoned," he told the LRT Investigation Division.

The formation of the council has raised doubts

However, last year, people who were openly accused of possible escape decisions were based on the Government's decision to change the subordination of the Registration Center – to divert companies from the Ministry of Justice under the auspices of the Ministry of Justice to Rokas Masiulis, Ministry of Transport and Communication.

The ministry took over the Registration Center exactly one year ago – in 2017. November 15 Only one day later, it was announced to the public that a new board of companies was formed, appointed by three representatives from the Ministry of Transport and Communication, and two independent members – Eglė Radvilė, scientists computer science and Egidijus Vaišvilas, finance and banking expert.

Questions arise about how the Ministry of Transport and Communication managed to bring the Board up to one day, although, in accordance with procedures approved by the Government, this process must last at least one month in accordance with transparency requirements. The "Lietuvos rytas", which raised the issue, failed to get an answer from the Ministry of Transportation, or on what criteria the council was formed, or what was suggested by its independent members.

VytautėŠŠmaižytė, Advisor to the Minister of Transportation and Communication, stated that the decision taken "at the Registration Center" identified a very serious risk of corruption ".

"To protect the interests of the state, in accordance with the requirements of the law, the Minister's order is immediately formed by an active and professional Center of the Registration Center, while the official procedure begins for the selection and appointment of independent members to the Council," said the Minister for Advice to Lietuvos Rytas.

Losses accompanied by overlap

Just when the Center for Registration Center just started working, when the company was led by the interim director (S. Urbanavičius was appointed only in June this year), decisions were made, accompanied by surprising overlaps, after which the Registrar Center lost more than 200 thousand. mobile signature user.

The decline began at the Communication Arrangement Authority, as well as under the auspices of the Ministry of Transportation, announcing that since 2005, the digital certification center of private companies has been operating since February 12 this year. will no longer be able to issue a quality electronic signature certificate if the company does not indicate that its service meets security requirements. Furthermore, taking care of the convenience of clients of the Digital Certification Center, of which there are many medical institutions, "Sodra" and others, the term was extended to March, and the certificate issuance permit was completely revoked in May.

Although the Digital Certification Center has questioned the decision of the Communication Regulatory Authority and is still filing lawsuits, its customers, after phoning the Communication Regulatory Authority to choose a new service provider, are flooded in the Registration Center. This through its suppliers, EmeSolution, the company mentioned earlier, has ordered additional e-mail. Signature service (USB storage) is required.

However, the new Center Registration Center on March 3 made a decision about the possibility of blurred purchases to stop the agreement with EmeSolution and recommend the Registrar Center to look for alternative suppliers which, apparently, were completely absent. Press center spokesman Mindaugas Samkus informed that the Center of Registers currently has two contracts with EmeSolution, which are needed to ensure the provision of electronic signature services, and actively strive to ensure the quality and competitive provision of these services on the market.

However, at that time, the Central Consumer Center council, through the company's press release, immediately proposed an alternative "cheaper and more flexible" – cellular signatures. At the same time, it's already known that the Registration Center Cellular Certificate is due to tightening security requirements starting July 1. will expire. As a result, users of the Registration Center, users of cellular electronic signatures, are required to exchange SIM cards and thus receive certification of new quality electronic signatures that meet their requirements.

Namely, the new model card that meets the stringent requirements proposed by the Estonian certification company, SK ID Solution, which began operating in Lithuania at that time.

The companies "Bitė Lietuva" and "Telia Lietuva" have switched to estuaries, and some of the clients have also been transferred to Tele2 – so the Registration Center has lost more than 200 thousand. the user. Only Teledemos and a portion of Tele2 customers who remain in Lithuanian state institutions – a total of 37 thousand. the user.

"Since the summer of this year, the EU has entered new security requirements that must provide a significantly higher level of security for cellular signatures. This requires a new model card. At that time, we had a proposal for the SK ID Solution that made that decision and the Center Registration In general, the answer to why we chose the SK ID Solution is very simple: due to the fact that experience with the Center of Registers solution is such that they fail to ensure quality at a reasonable price in terms of next generation solutions, "- LRT Investigation Telia Lietuva spokesperson , Audrius Stasiulaitis, told the division.

However, the former Deputy Director of the Registrant Center, Arvydas Bagdonavičius, a World Bank consultant, is now wondering whether the overlap has caused the relocation of communication operators to Estonian companies.

"When other companies enter and occupy this place, and something specifically" holds "so as not to develop it on the Register Center, immediately brings different conspiracy theories, certain issues that need to do so," he told the LRT Investigation Division.

Shareholders – Scandinavian Companies

Estonia's ID SK solution cannot be called a new player on the Lithuanian market. It was licensed by the cellphone company Omnitel (now Telia Lietuva) for cellular sign-certification services in Lithuania in 2005-2015, only then called "Sertifitseerimiskeskus".

2016 Termination of Cellular Signature Certification service at the beginning – as said, because of the expiration of certificates that meet current security requirements, – Estonian companies have not completely shifted from Lithuania.

Director of the Center Register S.Urbanavičius convinced that the solution for the SK ID Solution was opened by previous company executives.

"Say, back in 2017, for reasons that were not yet understood, the agreement was concluded with the same Estonian company to provide exclusive provisions – at a price reduced by 4.5 times. Why conclude such contracts, especially in exceptional conditions, why not take into account the resolution Government, where is the price clearly set for other traders and other participants? "- he asked.

The earlier Head Header said that data for Estonian companies were sold in the same way as other market players working with identification of customer data. And the SK ID Solution at that time showed its Smart ID customer identification solution, which is now being used by SEB and Swedbank banks.

This solution then offers connections to other banks operating in Lithuania. But they refused – as said, finding that the system was made by ID ID Solutions, which was managed by the two largest banks.

What is the shareholder of this Estonian company? After 25 percent SK ID Solutions shares are managed by the SEB and Swedbank headquarters. Another 50 percent have a subsidiary of the Swedish telecommunications company Telia in Estonia.

Disconnect

In the Telia company, only in the Lithuanian branch, which at that time was called Omnitel, ten years ago, the current Chairperson of the Central Registrant Council E.Vaišvilas, who had served as Director of General Affairs, worked for more than 10 years – thus, he is one of the leaders.

E. Vaisvilas, LRT Investigation Division, claims that he does not support relations with his former colleagues, and SK ID Solutions, which are managed by the same shareholders, do not care.

"Oh, listen, it's hard to refuse here. Of course I'm not successful. My ethical standards are still above everything," he said.

However, according to the Chair of the Central Register Board, which donates cellular signatures to Estonian companies, the market will be enough for everyone.

"We don't want to limit competition. Yes, we believe that anyone who can provide successful services must provide. We are one of the market participants," E. Vaišvilas argued for his position.

Kalevas Pihlas, head of ID ID Solutions, also claimed that he did not seek matches between Lithuanian officials.

"We hire legal counsel, but this is a private law firm, and, to our knowledge, has no relationship with government officials," he said.

Speaking with the LRT Investigation Division, the Minister of Transportation and Communication, who was appointed by the head of the Center for Registration, E. Vaisvilas, said that it was very doubtful whether the previous relationship between Vaira Vysvilis and Telia could influence the current decision.

"There are thousands of people at the Telia company," he said.

Julius Kalinskas / 15 min Foto / Rock Masiulis

Julius Kalinskas / 15 min Foto / Rock Masiulis

The Minister of Transportation also explained that the former director of the Center of Register was responsible for the loss of cellular signatures. All decisions are made before the start of the new Council.

"When that happens, it's too late to fix it. So, the new leadership cannot change anything in this place. But the audit is underway, and it will be assessed who is responsible for it and who is contributing," said Mr Masiulis.

Business is interesting

However, it is clear that the Registration Center has so far provided cellular registration services to heavy equipment market players.

In the spring of last year, the Confederation of Lithuanian Business (LVK) and its president, Valdas Sutkus, joined the largest Lithuanian business company, as well as banks and communication companies, which approached the Ministry of Justice and Government at the Registration Center. Public authorities were informed that moving sign-certification services must be forwarded to private businesses.

"We raise the issue that might be needed to continue this service to the market. We say that commercial services need to be given to businesses. And state companies should not seek profits if they provide monopoly services," V. Sutkus told the LRT Investigation Department.

Asked what caused the appeal, he argued that the problem was raised by LVK members.

"They see that electronic signatures are not functioning properly, which raises questions – why. There are also IT companies that believe that private businesses can run this business with capability and competence, and this is in line with the attitude of our organization in doing business and the role of the state. do business, "said the President of LVK.

Asked whether Telia, as well as SEB and Swedbank, could be the initiators of the call, V. Sutkus did not deny it. "I am no longer the same, in the sense that it is a certain company, but I say it is all that has a relationship with the provision of this service," he said.

S.Urbanavicius, head of the Center Register, was asked if he did not try to find out whether the SK ID Solution did not use its relationship with its shareholders, as well as the Registration Center employees, to achieve its objectives, stating that "sufficient time elapsed from the Registration Center", became difficult to answer this question.

"As we know, an audit is carried out at the Ministry of Transport and Communication, which will definitely identify the damage that has been identified, and, of course, after the audit findings, I think there must be another assessment – for damage and legal responsibility," he explained.

Money will leave Lithuania

However, S.Urbanavicius acknowledged that, after switching to the Estonian ID ID Solution company, most of the telecommunications operators, the money that previously existed in Lithuania would be taken there.

"On the one hand, we do not have very high income, an important part of income compared to other activities carried out by the Registering Center, but, of course, in the sense of reputation, very serious damage has been done," he said.

The Registration Center shows that last year his income from providing electronic signature services amounted to 190 thousand. euro In the first 10 months of this year, this income reached 110 thousand. The following year may be lower, because it will be transferred to an Estonian company controlled by Scandinavian banks.

At the end of the Registrant Center Center Certification Center, M. Žaliukas stated that more money could be generated from Lithuania's cellular signature operations which had become true Lithuania.

"For example, e-health services are provided by the Registration Center. About 20 million. Transactions, that is, both issue electronic prescriptions and are placed on time labels and electronic signatures. So the country saves around 800 thousand. – 1 million euros If the Center Registration does not provide this service with an electronic signature device, it will need to buy it, so that the amount must be placed from the state budget for private infrastructure, that is, to Estonian companies or other people who might emerge, "he said.


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