Monday , July 26 2021

What are the symptoms of diabetes and what is useful to know about this disease



  • prevent diabetes
  • recognize the symptoms of diabetes,
  • managing diabetes.

Today, world diabetes reaches more than 425 million people. people. An estimated 352 million other people have a high risk of developing diabetes. Most of those who are sick (327 million) are working-age people, namely y, aged 20-64 years, and living in the city (279 million).

According to the European Diabetes Federation, in 2017 the number of diabetics in Europe was 58 million. This figure is projected to be 2045. It can grow to 67 million

The number of people with diabetes in Lithuania in 2017 reached 107 thousand. Most of these cases are type 2 diabetes mellitus, which can be avoided through the principles of a healthy lifestyle: regular physical activity and healthy and balanced nutrition. Families have one of the key roles in managing aspects of diabetes management that need to be changed when families maintain a healthy support, resources and environment for sick people.

1 in 2 people currently living with type 2 diabetes have not been diagnosed with this disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important in preventing complications of diabetes (diabetes is a common cause of heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and amputation of the lower extremities) and to achieve positive treatment results. Diabetes can be relevant for all families, so it is very important for everyone to recognize their symptoms and understand risk factors.

As mentioned, among the sick Type 2 diabetes (90% of all people in the world) with diabetes is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • frequent urination
  • big thirst
  • hunger that continues to increase
  • weight loss
  • fatigue
  • Failure to concentrate or maintain attention
  • weakness weakened
  • vomiting and abdominal pain (often confused with flu).
  • People in the closest environment are the first and foremost able to detect changes, and therefore the role of the family is very important for early diagnosis of diabetes.

However, the main factor in reducing the incidence of diabetes is prevention. The most important thing here is family, because one of the main factors that prevent diabetes is nutrition. The International Diabetes Association asks for the following nutritional recommendations:

  • instead of fruit juice, soda water or other sweet drinks, choose water, unsweetened tea;
  • Eat at least three servings of vegetables every day;
  • Eat up to three servings of fresh fruit every day;
  • nuts, fresh fruit or sugarless yogurt for snacks;
  • limit consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • eat lean white meat, poultry or seafood and avoid processed meat;
  • eat peanut butter instead of chocolate or jam;
  • Choose products from whole wheat bread, brown rice or whole grains;
  • to give preference to the use of unsaturated fats in the daily diet.

Another important goal of prevention of diabetes is to promote physical activity, taking into account individual abilities and integrating them into daily activities (intensive walking, jogging, gardening or other active household activities).

The Health Education and Prevention Center emphasizes that, to minimize the morbidity and mortality of diabetes, we must realize that there is a need for a permanent correction of diabetes risk factors. A comprehensive range of health care professionals is available to many Lithuanian residents through participation in the Heart and Blood Risk Disease Program and Diabetes.

The aim of this program is to introduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, teach them how to change lifestyle, manage stress, choose a healthy diet and physical activity, and thus improve the health of risk groups. This program can be attended by 40-65 years. parents who are at risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, but not yet active.

To take part in this free program, contact your family doctor or community health office in the municipality where you live.

Information was prepared by Irma Bukotienė, Public Health Specialist at the Center for Health Education and Prevention of Diseases, Non-Communicable Diseases

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