The term heart disease refers to several types of heart disease, including coronary artery disease, heart attacks, irregular heart rhythm and heart failure. Although sometimes heart disease is perceived as a human disease, almost as many women as men die each year from heart disease in the United States.
Despite raising awareness in recent decades, only about half (56%) of women recognize heart disease as the number one killer.
About one in 16 women aged 20 and over (6.2%) have coronary heart disease; the most common type of heart disease.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heart disease is the leading cause of death for women in the United States, killing 299,578 women in 2017 – or about one in five deaths per woman!
Women and their healthcare providers felt that women were less prone to heart attacks than men, and only older women had heart problems. Women do not always realize that they are at high risk of heart disease and heart attacks.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for African-American and white women in the United States. Among the American Indian and Alaska women, heart disease and cancer cause approximately the same number of deaths each year. For Spaniards, women in the Pacific islands, heart disease is second to cancer as the cause of death.
Symptoms can include unusual pain in the neck, chest, shoulders, jaw, abdomen and / or back. In addition, there may be shortness of breath, sweating, heart attacks, mild headaches, nausea and vomiting.
Women are more likely to experience symptoms of chest pain (only 40% have a crushing chest pain). Pain may feel more like indigestion and may not be consistent. In women, the symptoms may not be pain, but unexplained anxiety, nausea, dizziness, palpitations and cold sweat. There may also be enormous weakness or fatigue. Women are also more likely to diagnose a heart attack than men.
Women's heart risk factors include tobacco and tobacco use, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, family history of heart problems, inactivity, excessive alcohol intake, depression / anxiety / stress, and gestational diabetes or preeclampsia during pregnancy.
How can women improve the health of their hearts? It is very important to follow the advice of your doctor. These recommendations can include the following: quit smoking and smoking, know blood pressure and make sure it is managed, eat a healthy diet, be physically active, control blood sugar, reduce stress , give priority to health and recharge the body and regular medical checkups. Do not be afraid to arrange a meeting with your doctor to discuss the health of the heart.
If you have a heart attack, do not just leave and hope you do not have another. It is very important to contact your doctor and discuss a program to be rehabilitated after a heart attack, heart attack, or procedure.
For more information, visit the CDC HEALTHCARE PUBLIC HEALTH. These include the following programs: Million Hearts and WISEWOMEN. The American Heart Association, the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Women's Health Service (OWH), the American Heart Association and the NHLBI also have excellent information on heart disease women,
Dr. Christine Nevin-Woods, former director and medical officer of the Pueblo Health Department and current medical director of the El Paso Health Department, has both a medical degree and a Master's degree in Public Health and Preventive Medicine.