About 33,000 people die throughout Europe every year as a result of antibiotic resistance, because there are no drugs available that can kill bacteria which infects them, said a study published on Tuesday.
The number of cases has increased since 2007 and there are large differences between countries, according to a report by the research group published by the special journal "The Lancet Infectious Diseases."
The number of deaths is equivalent to all that produces a year "flu, tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS" combined in 28 members of the European Union (EU), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein, said the study, which is based on data from the European Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring Network (Net EAR).
The children under one year and those over 65 years old they are the most vulnerable group and countries where there are more cases are Italy and Greece.
About 75 percent of infections with strains of bacteria are resistant to antibiotics produced in hospitals and other facilities of the health system, experts point out.
In 39 percent of cases, patients becoming infected with bacteria categorized as antibiotics by the World Health Organization (WHO) cannot even do something "reserve", that is, as a last resort, among them. carbapenems or colistin. When this point is reached, treatment is very difficult or sometimes impossible, the study emphasizes.
To improve the situation, they proposed a joint effort between the medical and political systems, which included prescribe and take antibiotics only when absolutely necessary. In addition, we must comply with hygiene protocols, especially in hospitals, and isolate patients who carry resistant bacteria. Finally, it is necessary to investigate new antibiotic substances.
Data for 2015 was used for the report, prepared by experts at Solna, Sweden, headquarters of the European Center for Prevention and Control of Disease (ECDC).