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World Diabetes Day 2018: Lifestyle changes can help reduce risk



Image: vgajic / IStock.com via AFP Relaxnews

November 14 marks World Diabetes Day 2018, part of the Diabetes Awareness Month, which aims to raise awareness of conditions and encourage those who may be at risk of being tested.

With many studies focusing on lifestyle factors related to diabetes, here we have gathered some recent research that shows the changes we can make to reduce the risk of disease.

Try to make time for yourself

The Canadian study, which followed 7,065 workers between the ages of 35 and 74 for a period of 12 years found that women who worked 45 hours or more a week had a 63 percent higher risk of developing diabetes than women who worked between 35 and 40 hours, even though there was no relationship found between working hours and diabetes in men. Researchers suggest that women may work longer in part because housework and family responsibilities, which can trigger a chronic stress response in the body, increase the risk of hormonal abnormalities and insulin resistance, and reduce the number of hours worked can help. reduce the risk of disease.

Get the optimal amount of sleep

Korean researchers have found that sleeping too much or too little is associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a group of conditions including increased waist circumference, high triglyceride levels, low good cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and high fasting blood sugar. . A large-scale study looked at 133,608 participants aged 40 to 69 years, found that compared to those who slept six to seven hours per day, men who slept less than six hours and men and women who slept more than 10 hours were more likely to develop metabolic syndrome , which can increase the risk of diabetes.

Get some practice

A European study found that even in children, physical exercise can reduce the accumulation of risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, possibly reducing the risk of young people developing conditions later on. However, children who increase their sedentary behavior show an increase in accumulated risk factors. In addition, US researchers found earlier this year that women who had a high pre-pregnancy fitness level had a 21 percent lower risk of developing gestational diabetes than women with lower levels of fitness.

Quit smoking

A large-scale study looking at 512,891 Chinese adults aged 30 to 79 years found that regular smokers had a 15 to 30 percent higher risk of developing diabetes than those who never smoked. Smoking more cigarettes every day, starting smoking at a younger age, smoking and obesity are also associated with a greater risk of developing the condition.

Give encouragement to your social life

According to Dutch researchers, good social life can help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes. Social isolation is known to be associated with type 2 diabetes, with the new study also finding that lack of participation in clubs or other social groups increases the risk of pre-diabetes in women and the risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women, while having more friends, and more friends who live close by, help reduce the risk of the condition. JB

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