Emily Pratt, age 6, is one allergic person who participates in experimental treatment and can now consume amedoim without experiencing reactions
Emily Pratt, age six, is one allergic person who participates in experimental treatment and can now consume amedoim without experiencing a reaction.
Peanut allergies can be overcome by treatments that gradually increase tolerance, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
The study was conducted with 500 children and young people who are allergic to the US and Europe. Volunteers, aged 4 to 17 years, cannot tolerate the presence of 1/10 peanuts in food.
But after taking millimetric doses for a year, two thirds of them began to tolerate at least two whole nuts.
During the study, participants were divided into groups that received peanut protein capsules or placebo. That amount gradually increases to cause tolerance.
Britain's Emily Pratt, six, told the program Today, that treatment makes a big difference. "I can't eat a birthday cake, now I can," said the little girl.
Emily can now eat up to seven beans at a time, which means she can safely consume foods that contain small amounts of grain.
Emily's mother, Sophie Pratt, said her daughter's allergies had become a permanent cause of stress.
"We were very surprised to see how traces of peanuts and nuts were in all types of food, especially those that were consumed in childhood – cakes, cakes and ice cream," he said.
"We have to carefully study all food labels to ensure that the food is completely peanut free."
According to him, the allergies of girls are so severe that even small amounts can cause a very serious reaction. "The impact on our family is very large," Sophie said.
Professor George du Toit, principal investigator of the study, said the results were very promising and suggested that with this type of treatment it would be possible to protect children and adults who are allergic to peanuts from accidental exposure.
"Peanut allergies are very difficult to deal with for children and their families, because they have to follow a diet that is completely free from that trace," Toit said.
"Families live in fear of accidental exposure, because allergic reactions can be very severe and even lead to death," explained the researcher.
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